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(also Turarband, Tarband, Farad), a city once situated on the middle Syr Darya; its site is now located 7 km northeast of the Timur railroad station.

Otrar existed from the first century B.C. until the 16th century A.D. From the fifth to 15th centuries it was an important trading center on the route from Iran and Middle Asia to Siberia, Mongolia, and China. In 1218, by order of the Khwarazmian shah Muhammad’s deputy, the merchants of Genghis Khan were killed in Otrar; this precipitated the Mongol-Tatar invasion of Middle Asia. Timur died in Otrar in 1405. In the 16th century the city fell into neglect and was deserted by its remaining inhabitants.


Bernshtam, A. N. “Drevnii Otrar.” Izv. AN Kazakh. SSR: Seriia arkheologii, 1951, fasc. 3, no. 108.
References in periodicals archive ?
3) Tamerlane or Timur (born 1336 in Kesh, near Samarkand in modern Uzbekistan, Transoxania died February 19, 1405, in Otrar near Chimkent), Turkic conqueror of Islamic faith whose conquests spanned from India and Russia to the Mediterranean Sea.
Archeologists is working hard to reveal remnants of the historical Otrar city where in the Central Asia.
Meanwhile, baths which had been using by the people of the Otrar, were totally been surfaced.
Located in the historical Silk Road, Otrar city, generally has been visiting by Kazakh citizens.
en Otrar, a orillas del Syr, el 14 de Febrero de 1405" ("Timur" 1321).
In 1991, he directed The Fall Of Otrar, an award-winning epic.
In my ancient Otrar, high above which flew a flag of honor a brave man of uncommon courage and devotion saved our native land from misery.