Ottocar I

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Ottocar I

(ŏt`əkär) or

Přemysl Ottocar I

(pərzhĕm`ĭsəl ôt`ôkär), d. 1230, duke (1197–98) and king (1198–1230) of Bohemia. The struggle within the Holy Roman Empire for the imperial crown enabled Ottocar to obtain (1198) from Philip of SwabiaPhilip of Swabia
, 1176?–1208, German king (1198–1208), son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I. After the death (1197) of his brother, German King and Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, he unsuccessfully attempted to secure the succession in Germany of his infant nephew,
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 the royal title. Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II confirmed the title (1212) and the election (1216) of Ottocar's son (later Wenceslaus I) as his successor. In 1221, Ottocar was forced to surrender disciplinary rights over the clergy to the bishop of Prague but retained control over secular church affairs.