Outsiders


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Outsiders

 

(in Russian, autsaidery), capitalist enterprises and companies that for various reasons are not part of the monopolistic associations that have formed in their branch of activity. Outsiders are sometimes large enterprises and companies only slightly less economically powerful than the monopolies; at the same time, the category of outsiders also includes small and medium-sized enterprises. Some outsiders have a relatively secure market and can, to a certain degree, compete with the monopolies because of specific characteristics of the technology, the nature of the demand, and other circumstances. Monopolistic associations wage fierce competitive struggles against outsiders, resorting to methods such as depriving them of raw materials, transport, labor power, markets, and credit; planned lowering of prices; cornering shares or patents; bribing; or even using force directly. Under present conditions, the independence of most outsiders is purely external. Monopolies turn a sizable portion of small and medium-sized outsiders into subcontractors working on special orders. During periods of favorable conditions, new outsider enterprises are established in a number of branches, leading to intensified competition.

V. I. PANTELEEV

References in classic literature ?
I 'm an outsider, and they only accept me on Fan's account; so I sit in a corner and sew, while they chatter and laugh.
One might for instance get up a subscription for her, or a lottery, something of the sort, such as is always arranged in such cases by friends or even outsiders desirous of assisting people.
Roach was startled one day when he received orders from Master Colin's room to the effect that he must report himself in the apartment no outsider had ever seen, as the invalid himself desired to speak to him.
Now he shouted excitedly for Korak to come back, for he knew that in the sacred arena the other bulls might be expected to come to the assistance of their king against an outsider, though there was small likelihood that the king would need assistance.
How can you talk about being like a book, when it makes even me, an outsider, feel sick?
Hetty thought this was going to be the most miserable day she had had for a long while, a moment of chill daylight and reality came across her dream: Arthur, who had seemed so near to her only a few hours before, was separated from her, as the hero of a great procession is separated from a small outsider in the crowd.
Salton would certainly not be satisfied at being treated as an outsider with regard to such things, most of which had points of contact with the inmates of his own house.
A sense of danger, such as a mere outsider might not understand, is ever present to the mind of the occupant.
They had little private jokes of their own which, unintelligible to the outsider, amused them enormously.
One fact, at least, would have been perfectly plain to an outsider, had any such person been on the spot; and that was, that the prince had made a very considerable impression upon the family, in spite of the fact that he had but once been inside the house, and then only for a short time.
To an outsider, the statement that Sloanes were Sloanes might not be very illuminating, but she understood.
Yet Trent knew that he was a type of that class which would look upon him as an outsider, and a black sheep, until he had bought his standing.