draft horse

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draft horse

or

work horse,

any breed of horsehorse,
hoofed, herbivorous mammal now represented by a single extant genus, Equus. The term horse commonly refers only to the domestic Equus caballus and to the wild Przewalski's horse.
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 that is suited to or used for drawing heavy loads. Draft horses originated in central Europe, where their domestication preceded the Roman invasion. Popular breeds include the BelgianBelgian horse,
one of the largest breeds of draft horses of pure European descent. It has a long history, antedating the Christian era, but became especially popular during the Middle Ages. In the 15th and 16th cent.
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, ClydesdaleClydesdale horse,
breed of draft horse developed in Scotland. It closely resembles the Shire horse, although it is not as heavy. The Clydesdale is characterized by its graceful, springy step.
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, PercheronPercheron horse
, breed of draft horse developed in NW France, originally of Flemish origin, but also containing some Arabian blood (see Arabian horse). For a heavy horse, it has considerable stamina and is a good trotter.
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, and ShireShire horse,
a breed of draft horse native to central England. It is equal in weight to the Belgian horse and is usually slightly taller. Widely used as a war horse during the Middle Ages, it was well adapted to carry the excessive weight of armor worn by both horse and rider.
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, all of which are extremely large and noted for their strength, endurance, and good disposition.

Draft Horse

 

the collective name for certain specialized breeds of work horses. Draft horses have massive bodies and a great capacity for pulling heavy loads. The main draft horses in the USSR are the Soviet, Vladimir, and Russian breeds, while in Western Europe the most important breeds are the Brabant, Percheron, Boulonnais, Breton, Shire, Clydesdale, Suffolk, and Ardennes. Draft horses were widely used in agriculture, for transportation, and in other work. Their use has declined with the growth of mechanization.

References in classic literature ?
You have not seen the pack-horse with the bags under the shed yonder?
Leisure is gone--gone where the spinning-wheels are gone, and the pack-horses, and the slow waggons, and the pedlars, who brought bargains to the door on sunny afternoons.
Why, doctor, there was nothing but a foot path, or at the most a track for pack-horses, along the Mohawk, from the Jarman Flats up to the forts.
Several bottles of whisky were always to be found on the backs of my pack-horses.
For this is one estate happier showing off her sporting credentials than happier sporting credentials than pack-horse prowess.