Paestum


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Paestum

(pĕst`əm), ancient city of Lucania, S Italy. It was a colony of the Greek city of Sybaris (c.600 B.C.) and was first named Posidonia. It flourished with the rest of Magna GraeciaMagna Graecia
[Lat.,=great Greece], Greek colonies of S Italy. The Greek overseas expansion of the 8th cent. B.C. founded a number of towns that became the centers of a new, thriving Greek territory.
..... Click the link for more information.
 through the 6th cent. B.C. The Romans took the city in 273 B.C.; they called it Paestum. The ruins, near the present Pesto, include some of the finest and best-preserved Doric temples in existence.

Paestum

 

(Greek, Poseidonia), an ancient city in southwestern Italy, a colony of Sybaris founded circa 600 B.C. on the western shore of Lucania, near the mouth of the Silarus (modern Sele) River.

In the fourth century B.C., Paestum was conquered by the Lucanians, who gave the city its name. In 273 B.C., Paestum became a Roman colony. It was destroyed by Saracens in the ninth century.

In the southern part of Paestum’s central and sacred area is the sanctuary of Hera with two Doric peripteroi—the temple of Hera I (the so-called Basilica; mid-sixth century B.C.) and the temple of Hera II (the Temple of Neptune; second quarter of the fifth century B.C.)—distinguished by the severity and grandeur of deliberately ponderous forms. The sanctuary of Athena is in the northern part of the sacred area. It contains the so-called Temple of Ceres (second half of the sixth century B.C.), in which the Doric order is combined with Ionic elements (for example, the columns of the pronaos). Unique examples of ancient frescoes, mainly of the fourth century B.C., were discovered in Paestum’s necropolis. There is an archaeological museum at the site.

REFERENCES

El’nitskii, L. A. “Obzor arkheologicheskikh otkrytii v oblasti Zapadnogo Sredizemnomor’ia.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1939, no. 1.
Krauss, F. Die Tempel von Paestum, vol. 1. Berlin, 1959—.
Sestieri, P.C. Paestum. Rome, 1961.

Paestum

an ancient Greek colony on the coast of Lucania in S Italy
References in periodicals archive ?
Il releve cinq inscriptions grecques figurant sur des vases de Paestum dates du IVe s.
Nella "Rosa di Pesto", una prosa composta da Ungaretti nel 1932, il paesaggio di rovine di Paestum si presenta come un "desolante sublime" sotto una hma che rassomiglia ad "uno scheletro in mezzo a una strada [.
The site runs trips to Capri, Ischia, Pompeii, Amalfi, Herculaneum, Positano, Ravello, Paestum, Naples and Vesuvius.
Gregor's femmes embody a countenance that is suggestive of ancient votive portrayals, echoing sculptures she viewed in Paestum, Italy.
Manama- Nov19 (BNA) Her Royal Highness Princess Sabeeka bint Ibrahim Al-Khalifa, Wife of His Majesty the King and President of the Supreme Council for Women today sent a cable of congratulations to Culture Minister Shaikha Mai bint Mohammed Al-Khalifa who was granted the Paestum Archaeology Award by the Mediterranean Exchange of Archaeological Tourism.
Price includes: Return flights to Italy, Seven nights' half-board accommodation at the four-star Hotel San Pietro in Maiori, Full day visit to Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast, Full day visit to Paestum and Salerno, Airport to hotel transfers, One suitcase allowance per person, Drinks with dinner, free tea and biscuits daily, Free use of tennis courts & sunbeds, The services of a Tour Manager.
in Paestum, Metaponto, Siracusa, and other cities in Magna Graecia -- the ancient Greek settlements in southern Italy beginning in the eighth century BCE -- without momentarily wondering if the Greek period was the golden period in the Boot's history.
Viollet-le-Dues remark referred specifically to Labroustes-1829 fourth-year envoi, or submission to the academy in these drawings, prominently displayed in the exhibition's first gallery, Labrouste proposed a provocative restoration of the temples at Paestum, a Greek colony in southern Italy.
Rest and relax in splendid surroundings, enjoy included tours to famous Sorrento, along the Amalfi Drive, and to Ancient Greek Paestum, and join wonderful optional excursions to fabled Pompeii and picture-postcard-perfect Capri.
El re-descubrimiento de Paestum, la antigua ciudad griega de Poseidonia en Campania, "sistematicamente olvidada" hasta entonces, fue asimismo otra de las importantes consecuencias de este fenomeno, lo cual potencio la consideracion y "actualizacion", con idea de proptagonismo primigenio, del orden dorico griego, sin basa y de fuste estriado (34).
in the Ionian Sea, in the south of the Apennine Peninsula (Taranto, Metaponto, Sybaris, Kroton, Elea, Paestum, Neapolis), on the island of Sicily (Syracuse, Catania, Zancle, Acragas, Gela, Selinunte) etc.
He mixes survey chapters with three 'case studies' (Olympia and Delphi, Cyrene and Paestum, and Athens and the Acropolis) and is concerned not just with describing buildings and works of art but sets out to show how and why they were made.