Black Hills

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Black Hills,

rugged mountains, c.6,000 sq mi (15,540 sq km), enclosed by the Belle Fourche and Cheyenne rivers, SW S.Dak. and NE Wyo., and rising c.2,500 ft (760 m) above the surrounding Great Plains; Harney Peak, 7,242 ft (2,207 m) above sea level, is the highest point in the Black Hills and in South Dakota. The mountains received their name from the heavily forested slopes that appear black from afar. Native Americans, white settlers, and railroad companies depended on wood from the Black Hills for fuel and building material. Gold was discovered in the hills in 1874 by an expedition led by Gen. George Custer, and the resulting gold rush drove out the indigenous population. White settlements grew rapidly after 1876, chiefly in such mining towns in South Dakota as Custer, Deadwood, Lead, Spearfish, and Rapid City, the largest city in the Black Hills. Gold is still mined in the area. Other important minerals found in the hills are uranium, feldspar, mica, and silver. The Black Hills are a major recreational area of the northern plains and a principal tourist spot. Most of the slopes are in two national forests. Wind Cave National Park, Jewel Cave National Monument, and Custer State Park are attractions. The 6,000 ft (1,829 m) Mt. Rushmore, with its gigantic open-air sculpture of Presidents Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, and T. Roosevelt, is famous throughout the world (see Mount Rushmore National MemorialMount Rushmore National Memorial,
1,278 acres (518 hectares), SW S.Dak., in the Black Hills; est. 1925, dedicated 1927. There, carved on the face of the mountain and visible for 60 mi (97 km), are the enormous (60 ft/18.3 m high) heads of four U.S.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Community needs and resources assessment Over the next 8 months, an in-depth formative assessment of the Paha Sapa community was conducted by the newly formed CAG (n = 12 members) via one-to-one interviews with neighbors and other community members (n = 20) in Paha Sapa to identify challenges and resources for healthful eating and physical activity and to inform intervention development (see Table 3 for interview questions).
large whole Paha Sapa events, break-out events and organic/small group events), the CAG went back to community members to conduct another round of one-to-one interviews to see if the physical activity intervention they had been developing would be of interest to the community (see Table 4 for interview questions).
Local parks and school playgrounds/fields within the Paha Sapa neighborhood were used to carry out the events.
Results indicated high feasibility and satisfaction with the Paha Sapa intiative.
Paha Sapa Neighborhood Community Members, Burnsville, Minnesota
To this day, the Lakota have never been able to regain their sacred Paha Sapa.
Miles completed Custer's assignment and took Paha Sapa by force.