Palin, Sarah Heath

Palin, Sarah Heath

(pā`lĭn), 1964–, U.S. politician, b. Sandpoint, Idaho, as Sarah Louise Heath, grad. Univ. of Idaho (B.S. 1987). Her family moved to Alaska not long after she was born. In 1992 she entered Alaskan local politics, winning two terms on Wasilla's city council (1992–96) and two terms as its mayor (1996–2002). A Republican and a social conservative, she made (2002) an unsuccessful bid for the Republican nomination for lieutenant governor and chaired (2003–4) the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission. Concerned by ethical conflicts involving a commission member who was also Republican state party chairman, she resigned after serving less than a year. In 2006 she defeated Governor Frank Murkowski in the Republican primary and won the governorship in the general election, becoming Alaska's first woman governor. Chosen in 2008 by Republican presidential candidate John McCainMcCain, John Sidney, 3d,
1936–, U.S. politician, b. Panama Canal Zone. A much decorated navy veteran, he was born into a career naval family and attended the U.S. Naval Academy, graduating in 1958.
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 to be his running mate, Palin became the first woman to be nominated for the vice presidency by the Republican party. The McCain-Palin ticket lost the election to Democrats Barack ObamaObama, Barack
(Barack Hussein Obama 2d), , 1961–, 44th president of the United States (2009–), b. Honolulu, grad. Columbia (B.A. 1983), Harvard Law School (J.D. 1991).
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 and Joe BidenBiden, Joseph Robinette, Jr.
, 1942–, Vice President of the United States (2009–), b. Scranton, Pa. A lawyer and Democrat, he was elected to the U.S. Senate from Delaware, where his family had moved when he was young, in 1972, and was reelected six times, retiring in
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. Palin resigned as governor in 2009, before the end of her term. Since then she has supported Tea PartyTea Party,
in the early 21st cent., U.S. political movement that arose in reaction to the economic crisis of 2008 and the government rescue and aid measures for the financial, automobile, and other industries as well as broader stimulus measures enacted in 2008 and 2009.
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 candidates, authored two books (2009, 2010), and hosted a reality show about living in Alaska (2010–11).

Bibliography

See her memoir (2009); S. Conroy and S. Walshe, Sarah from Alaska (2009).