Palinuridae


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Related to Palinuridae: lobster, spiny lobster

Palinuridae

[‚pal·ə′nyu̇r·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The spiny lobsters or langoustes, a family of macruran decapod crustaceans belonging to the Scyllaridea.

Palinuridae

 

(spiny lobsters), a family of animals of the order Decapoda. These decapods, which are distributed in warm seas, resemble lobsters of the genera Homarus and Nephrops but lack chelae. The body, which measures up to 60 cm long, and the thick antennae are covered with powerful spines. These edible lobsters are commercially valuable. The principal commercial species are the European langouste (Palinurus vulgaris), P. argus, P. interruptus, P. japonicus, and the cape crawfish (Jasus lolandei). The European langouste is found in the the Atlantic coastal waters of Europe and in the Mediterranean Sea. P. interruptus is distributed in the Pacific Ocean, near California and Mexico. P. argus occupies the American coastal waters of the Atlantic. P. japonicus is found near Japan, and /. lolandei near southern Africa, southern Australia, and New Zealand. The lobsters are caught with stationary nets and basket traps.

References in periodicals archive ?
Given that the giant escape circuit is absent in representative species in both Palinuridae (this study) and Scyllaridae (Faulkes, 2004), it is more parsimonious to assume that the giant escape circuit was lost once in the palinuran infraorders rather than repeatedly throughout the group.
Classification and nomenclature PHYLUM ORDEN FAMILIA Mollusca Teuthoidea Loliginidae Ommastrephidae Cephalopoda Octopodidae Arthropoda Amphipoda Aoridae Crustacea Isopoda Cimothoidae Cirolanidae Stomatopoda Hemisquillidae Lysiosquillidae Squillidae Decapoda Penaeidae Sicyoniidae Solenoceridae Caridea Palaemonidae Gnathophyllidae Hippolytidae Alpheidae Palinura Palinuridae Anomura Diogenidae Porcellanidae Paguridae Albuneidae Lithodidae Brachyura Grapsidae Ocypodidae Portunidae Xanthidae Chordata Enterogona Salpidae Pisces Anguiliformes Ophichthidae Muraenesocidae Gadiformes Bregmacerotidae Clupeifortnes Clupeidae Engraulidae Pristigasteridae PHYLUM ORDEN ESPECIE Mollusca Teuthoidea Loligo sp.
Los grupos son: cinco grupos de productores primarios: Chlorophyta, Phaeophyta, Rodhophyta, fanerogamas marinas y microfitobentos; ocho grupos de invertebrados: Echinodermata, Palinuridae, Galatheidae, Penaeidae, Haliotidae, otros crustaceos, invertebrados suprabentonicos (Amphipoda, Cumacea, Decapoda, Mysidacea) y zooplancton; cinco grupos de peces: Batoideos, Pleuronectiformes, Gerreidae, Serranidae y Sciaenidae, tres grupos de mamiferos marinos: ballena gris (Eschrichtius robustus), lobo marino (Zalophus californianus) y delfin comun (Tursiops truncatus), un grupo de tortuga marina: Chelonia mydas, un grupo de aves: Branta bernicla nigricans y uno de detritos.
Luego, se ubicaron los grupos: Gerreidae, Galatheidae, Palinuridae, el grupo de otros crustaceos y el grupo Penaeidae los cuales presentaron un consumo alto de invertebrados suprabentonicos.
Lobsters of the family Palinuridae are commonly known as spiny lobsters or rock lobsters.
Ecological differences among the representatives of the family Palinuridae reported for the Caribbean of Costa Rica (Vargas & Cortes, 1999) may favor the settlement of postlarval P.