Punjabi

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Punjabi

(pŭnjä`bē), language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Indo-IranianIndo-Iranian,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages, spoken by more than a billion people, chiefly in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka (see The Indo-European Family of Languages, table).
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 languages.

Punjabi

 

(also Panjabi), the language of the Punjabis, spoken in eastern Pakistan, northwestern India (primarily in the state of Punjab), and elsewhere in India. Punjabi has more than 21 million speakers in Pakistan and more than 15 million in India (1971, estimate), where it is an official language. Punjabi, one of the Indo-Aryan languages of the Indo-European language family, is divided into Maji, Doabi, Malwai, Powadi, Rathi, and Bhatiani dialects. It has four tones—level, rising, pharyngealized falling, and plain falling—to indicate meaning and grammatical function. Punjabi is an analytic and inflectional language. Grammatical features include a well-developed case system, the inflection of certain adjectives for gender only in the predicative function, and subject, indirect-object, and relational adverbial modifiers.

The oldest written work in Punjabi is the Adi-Granth (or Granth Sahib), the scriptures of Sikhism, dating to the 12th through 17th centuries. Punjabi is written in Gurmukhi, a phonetic and syllabic script that indicates tones. The script is derived from the Brahmi writing system.

REFERENCES

Smirnov, Iu. A. “Obnaruzhenie chetvertogo tona ν iazyke pandzhabi i faringalizovannogo kharaktera drugogo, izvestnogo tona.” Uch. zap. Gos. in-ta mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii, 1971, fasc. 7.
Gill, H. S., and H. A. Gleason. A Reference Grammar of Panjabi. Hartford, Conn., 1963.
Duni Chandra. Panjabi bhasha da wiakarana. Chandigarh [1964].
Smirnov, U. A. The Composite Sentence: Main Problems. Chandigarh [1966].
Panjabi Kosh, Patiala, vols. 1–4. [No place] 1955–67.

IU. A. SMIRNOV

Punjabi

, Panjabi
the state language of the Punjab, belonging to the Indic branch of the Indo-European family
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Panjabi plays Mona, a whip-smart Londonbased doctor, while Davenport is Guy, her political lobbyist husband.
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And what's more, the cost of doing this type of printing is becoming cheaper and cheaper, so there is a lot more interest in it," Panjabi added.
Speaking at Gitex Shopper 2015, a popular consumer electronics event which opened in Dubai on Wednesday, Panjabi pointed out that the cheapest 3D printer at Jacky's last year was the Dh36,000 Stratasys Mojo, while the cheapest this year is the MakerBot Replicator Mini, which costs Dh6,299.
They want to know where the ball went," said Panjabi, explaining how the ball has to turn on the bend and then pass through a three pipe box to reach hole 3 and several bumps and cantours thereon to get to the next two holes.
As the printers are using layered papers, the objects printed are in full colour and durable at just a fraction of the cost, and companies in the Middle East particularly in the education, architecture and real estate sectors can take advantage of,EeAo Panjabi added.
according to panjabi, at least on the surface the apple watch replicates most smartphone features and uses.
Ejiofor got his big break when he was nominated for an Oscar in 12 Years a Slave as did Brit actress Panjabi who stars in The Good Wife.
Over time, we have established ourselves as one of the leading consumer electronics retailer in the UAE and with our expertise in the retail segment along with Samsung's expertise in products, we are confident that we will be able to provide the best technology and experience to our customers through this concept retail shops," Panjabi added.
event where we are showing our 3D printers," says Panjabi.
Panjabi was left hanging by another bank with only days left before the seller demanded the escrow to close,” said Todd Massas, Senior Vice President of Plaza Bank.
Kuala Lumpur, Jan 6 ( ANI ): Indian actresses Archie Panjabi and Kajal Agarwal have revealed that they enjoyed their adventurous air-tour over Kuala Lumpur and looking at the Petronas Twin Towers from 457m above.