Antonie Pannekoek

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Pannekoek, Antonie


Born Jan. 2, 1873, in Vaassen; died Apr. 28, 1960, in Amsterdam. Dutch astronomer. Member of the Netherlands Academy of Sciences (1925). Active in the Dutch workers’ movement.

Pannekoek was first a lecturer (1918–25) and then a professor of astronomy (1925–42) at the University of Amsterdam. In 1920 he developed a method of determining distances to dark nebulae and in 1921 studied the surface brightness of the Milky Way, disregarding the influence of interstellar light absorption. He was one of the first astronomers (in 1922 and 1926) to study the process of ionization in stellar atmospheres.

Pannekoek was involved in the workers’ movement at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1902 he became a member of the Social Democratic Workers’ Party of the Netherlands. In 1907 he helped found the left-wing Social Democratic paper De Tribune, and, together with other “tribunists,” he founded the Social Democratic Party of the Netherlands in 1909. From 1905 to 1914 he taught at the party school of the German Social Democrats in Berlin and was associated with the left wing of the German Social Democratic Party. He remained an internationalist during World War I and was involved in the publication of the journal Vorbote, organ of the Zimmerwald left. From 1918 to 1921 he was a member of the Communist Party of the Netherlands and until 1921 was active in the Comintern. He was one of the leaders of the ultraleft German Communist Workers’ Party (under the pseudonym K. Horner) and was sharply criticized by V. I. Lenin in “‘Left-wing’ Communism, an Infantile Disorder.”


De wonderbouw der wereld. Amsterdam, 1916.
De bouw en de ontwikkeling der sterren. The Hague, 1927.
“Photographische Photometrie der nördlichen Milchstrasse. …” Publication of the Astronomical Institute of the University of Amsterdam, 1933, no. 3.
In Russian translation:
Istoriia astronomii. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tauw, Pannekoek GWW, RWB Waterservices, Xylem, Moekotte and Croonwolter & dros are also involved in the construction.
53) Alongside translated writings by Lenin, Kuusinen, Gorky, Bukharin, and Reed, Zimmerwald published, among other things, an analysis of council communism by the Dutch Marxist Anton Pannekoek, notes on the Bolshevik revolution by the founder of the Finnish Communist Party Yrjo Sirola, and Georg Lukacs's essay on 'The Spontaneity of the Masses and the Activity of the Party'.
Daar is ook 'n tienermeisie se onskuldige toenadering wanneer sy in hom 'n veilige hawe teen die bose moordenaar vind; sy bak selfs pannekoek vir Mags om "vir 'n rukkie net veilig [te] voel" (194).
The policies of what Frits Pannekoek called "the cautious intellectual bureaucracy of Parks Canada" meant that at places such as Churchill historical interpretation remained tied to older colonial themes such as FrenchEnglish military rivalry.
Pannekoek Y, Morelli G, Kusecek B, Morre SA, Ossewaarde JM, Langerak AA, et al.
Pannekoek, A 2003 [1947], Worker's councils, AK Press, Oakland.
The libertarian aspects of Marxist theory, as Price indicates, were later developed by council communists such as Anton Pannekoek and Paul Mattick and by autonomist Marxists such as C.
6) In 1987, Frits Pannekoek described the HBC during this period as a "small, reasonably successful business.
We are delighted to price our first offerings and usher in the start of trading -- the result of years of preparation, extensive consultation with the world's leading IP experts, infrastructure-building and market education," said IPXI president and CEO Gerard Pannekoek.
59) The identities of the most successful Metis families were probably less fragile than Van Kirk and Frits Pannekoek have argued, since, as Brian Gallagher has shown, the marriage prospects and social prominence of several generations of people from mixed families, even after 1870, did not appear to suffer from the growing racism, although depending upon their resources families on occasion must have had to choose which child to favour.
Exchange CEO Gerard Pannekoek told the International Business Times that he expects two more offerings in the next four to six weeks, but declined to comment further on them.