Pannonia


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Pannonia

(pănō`nēə), ancient Roman province, central Europe, southwest of the Danube, including parts of modern Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, and Serbia. Its natives, the warlike Pannonians, were Illyrians. Their final subjugation by Rome took place in A.D. 9. Pannonia was divided c.A.D. 103 into the provinces of Upper Pannonia and Lower Pannonia. Important centers were Carnuntum (near Hainburg, Austria), Vindobona (ViennaVienna
, Ger. Wien, city and province (1991 pop. 1,539,848), 160 sq mi (414 sq km), capital and largest city of Austria and administrative seat of Lower Austria, NE Austria, on the Danube River.
..... Click the link for more information.
), Aquincum (BudapestBudapest
, city (1990 pop. 2,016,100), capital of Hungary, N central Hungary, on both banks of the Danube. The largest city of Hungary and its industrial, cultural, and transportation center, Budapest has varied manufactures, notably textiles, instruments, and electronics.
..... Click the link for more information.
), and SirmiumSirmium
, ancient city of Pannonia. The site is near modern Sremska Mitrovica, NW Serbia. Sirmium was unimportant until occupied late in the 1st cent. B.C. by the Romans in the conquest of Pannonia. It was prominent later, especially in the 3d and 4th cent. A.D.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Pannonia was abandoned by the Romans after 395.

Pannonia

 

a Roman province formed in A.D. 8 after the division of the Roman province of Illyricum into Upper II-lyricum, or Dalmatia, and Lower Illyricum, or Pannonia. Pan-nonia occupied the western part of modern Hungary, the northern part of modern Yugoslavia, and the eastern part of modern Austria. It derived its name from the Pannonians, a group of Illyrian tribes.

Pannonia became highly romanized during its 400 years of Roman rule. Its economy was agricultural, since the local population, which was increased by an influx of barbarians, was primarily rural. Continual wars in the second to fifth centuries with border tribes, including the Quadi, Marcomanni, Sarma-tians, Goths, and Huns, led to the fall of Roman rule in Pannonia in the early fifth century.

REFERENCES

Kolosovskaia, Iu. K. Pannoniia v I-III vekakh. Moscow, 1973.
Alföldi, A. Der Untergang der Römerherrschaft in Pannonien, vols. 1–2. Berlin-Leipzig, 1924–26.

Pannonia

a region of the ancient world south and west of the Danube: made a Roman province in 6 ad
References in periodicals archive ?
At this juncture, Gratian's eastward march was halted by a battle with a fierce army of Alans, who forced him to withdraw westward to Pannonia.
The autonomous towns of Noricum and Pannonia/Die autonomen Stadte in Noricum und Pannonien: Pannonia II: 11-66.
Hundreds of priests and deacons were imprisoned and deported from Moravia and Pannonia in chains.
They are in fact the only ones with such a phonological trait in Northern Pannonia (Szabo 1990).
Her sisters, Pannonia Apkarian, Oghda O'Gulian and Eva Haroyan and her nephew, Dr.
Lendvai (2008): Lean birds in the city: body size and condition of house sparrows along the urbanization gradient, Department of Limnology, University of Pannonia, Pf.
20) Indeed, we are told that he had fresh forces, and that others were on their way from Dalmatia, Pannonia and Moesia, while the already defeated troops were in good spirits, and were seeking to avenge their previous loss at Betriacum (Oth.
62) Josephus strangely omits Syria from Agrippa's survey and confuses Thrace with Moesia, Illyria with Pannonia (proof of an earlier Augustan source?
Romar, Annamaria Sas, Irene Yukhananov, Alan Girelli, and Teddy Hristov, reports on and discusses the "development and implementation of a technology-based, cross-cultural and cross-institutional undergraduate marketing course" offered by the University of Massachusetts Boston and the University of Pannonia in Veszprem, Hungary.
Classical writers such as Pliny, Plutarch, Herodotus, and Solinus had very different names for locations in and around this region: references to Dacia, for example, or to Scythia, Dalmatia, Pannonia, Thracia, and Illyria in early modern drama all derive from names in the ancient texts.
As shown by this research as well, the Doctoral School of Management Sciences and Business Administration of the University of Pannonia in Hungary focuses primarily on "soft" factors, just "when even soft is hard".