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Inflammation of all the tissues of the eyeball.



a purulent inflammation of all the tissues and membranes of the eye. The chief cause is an infected wound of the eyeball; occasionally its origin is an infection brought from another inflammatory focus. The most common causative agents are Pneumococci, Staphylococci, and Streptococci. Panophthalmitis is accompanied by sharp pains in the eye, general intoxication, chills, fever, and vomiting and may result in loss of the eye. It is treated with sulfanilamide preparations and antibiotics; in severe cases the affected eyeball is removed.

References in periodicals archive ?
Also the ophthalmitis or panophthalmitis indicated the predilection of Streptococcus spp.
9%) Iridocyclitis, endophthalmitis, and panophthalmitis (16) 10 (13.
Hypopyon can occur with such noninfectious problems as corneal ulcer, Behcet's disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, and lymphoma/leukemia; and with endophthalmitis or panophthalmitis due to bacterial or fungal infection.
Most fish do not show clinical signs of disease but some fish have exhibited signs of meningoencephalitis and panophthalmitis.
Complications include rapid, irreversible vision loss that can progress quickly to panophthalmitis, requiring surgical removal of the eye (1).
lateral convergent strabismus with exophthalmos and panophthalmitis and acquired conditions viz.
9-12) In psittacine birds, reports also include panophthalmitis, sinusitis with enophthalmia, ingluviitis, otitis media, and cellulitis.
Complicated cases where there was panophthalmitis, evisceration was the treatment option preferred.
Suprachoroidal septic effusion leading to panophthalmitis following strabismus surgery.
Corneal ulceration, anterior uveitis, panophthalmitis, polyarthritis, hematuria, and acute tubular necrosis leading to renal failure may also occur.