Pap test

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Related to Pap test: HPV, Pap smear, Pelvic exam

Pap test,


Pap smear,


Papanicolaou test

(păp'ənē`kəlou), medical procedure used to detect cancer of the uterine cervix (see uterusuterus,
in most female mammals, hollow muscular organ in which the fetus develops and from which it is delivered at the end of pregnancy. The human uterus is pear-shaped and about 3 in. (7.
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). A scraping, brushing, or smear, is taken from the surface of the vagina or cervix and is prepared on a slide and stained for microscopic examination and cytological analysis. The appearance of the cells determines whether they are normal, suspicious, or cancerous. Although the test is 80% to 95% reliable, results termed suspicious may indicate infection or some abnormal condition other than cancer. A DNA test for the human papillomovirushuman papillomavirus
(HPV), any of a family of more than 60 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar warts and genital warts, a sexually transmitted disease. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur.
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, which causes cervical cancer, may be used to supplement or replace the Pap test. The smear technique is also used to detect cancer of other tissues, e.g., in the bladder. The Pap test was developed by G. N. Papanicolaou and H. F. Traut in 1943.

Pap test

[′pap ‚test]

Pap test

, smear Med
a similar test for precancerous cells in other organs
References in periodicals archive ?
In Denmark, where Pap testing is widely available and free, fewer than half of HIV-positive women get a Pap test every year.
Encouraging routine pap tests, which are also free in public hospitals, is one of the two parts of a campaign by the Cyprus Association of Cancer Patients and Friends (PASYKAF) which has been ongoing from 2010 to combat the cancer.
In the meantime, we recommended informing prenatal providers about the importance of screening all pregnant women for chlamydia and those at risk for gonorrhea, and that alternative specimen collection methods that do not require a pelvic examination that is done during a Pap test are available--and in fact are preferred," she said, noting that patientor provider-collected vaginal swabs are the preferred specimen, and that urine also can be used.
5%, while the percentage who reported having a Pap test within the preceding 12 months decreased from 65% to 41.
Data Source: Responses from the 125,297 females in all 50 states and the District of Columbia who were queried about their Pap test status by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Pap test status was analyzed by age group, race/ethnicity, U.
Recommendations regarding women's health screening tests such as mammographies and pap tests have changed in recent years, and they will most likely continue to change as the experts learn more about breast and cervical cancer.
Women between the ages of 21 and 29 should have a Pap test every 3 years.
When combined with a Pap test in women of this age group, the HPV test is better at identifying women at risk for developing cervical cancer than the Pap test alone.
Traditionally, a Pap test is the best defense to screen for the cancer.