Paphlagonia


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Paphlagonia

(păf'ləgō`nēə), ancient country of N Asia Minor, between Bithynia and Pontus on the Black Sea coast, in modern Turkey. A mountainous district with the Halys as its chief river, Paphlagonia had a string of Greek colonies (including Sinope) along its coast. It was not a political unit and was annexed and occupied by the kings of Bithynia and Pontus respectively. It was won (63 B.C.) by the Romans.

Paphlagonia

 

an ancient country in Asia Minor on the Black Sea, surrounded by Bithynia, Galatia, and Pontus. Cities, including Sinope, were founded by Greek colonists along the coast. A rural population of Syrian origin predominated in the interior. In the sixth century B.C., Paphlagonia was conquered by Lydia, and then by Persia. In the late fourth and early third centuries B.C., it was ruled by Alexander the Great and his successors. Beginning in 281 B.C., the country’s interior was governed by local dynasties.

In 107 B.C., Paphlagonia was inherited by Mithridates VI Eupator. After the Third Mithridatic War (74–64 B.C.), the coastal region was included by the Romans in the province of Bithynia; the interior was annexed to the Roman province of Galatia in the sixth or fifth century B.C. Paphlagonia became an independent province under Diocletian in the third century of the Common Era.

Paphlagonia

an ancient country and Roman province in N Asia Minor, on the Black Sea
References in periodicals archive ?
Ancak kisa bir sure sonra Paphlagonia bolgesine gocen Kimmer'ler tarafindan yagmalanmic ve IO 630 yilinda Miletos'lu gocmenler kente tekrar yerlecmiclerdir (Tokgoz, 1973).
In September, however, the expedition to Paphlagonia was disastrously defeated and the head of Andronicus was sent to the sultan.
The conjunction of Glycon, Paphlagonia, and Apollo of Claros, whom Alexander assiduously cultivated, suggests that the man's alleged father was not a human one, but the snake-god of Abonuteichos' (Jones 1986, 143).
An oath from Phasimon-Neapolis in Paphlagonia, administered in March 3 B.
To undergird his argument, Vaggione appeals to the Council of Gangra in Paphlagonia which condemned one of Eunomius' enemies, Eustathius of Sebaste, an ascetic monk whom Eunomius, in a famous remark quoted by Gregory of Nyssa, described as 'pale with fasting and murderous with rage'.
Pont and Paphlagonia were already Roman provinces on the eve of Actium, but the other kingdoms (including Egypt itself) were semi-independent states under the Protectorate, only later annexed by Augustus.
Fieldwork was conducted between 1997-2001 in Inner Paphlagonia (modern Cankiri province and parts of Karabuk province), combining extensive survey of the entire region (8,454 [km.
These research questions necessitated a thorough investigation of the geography, geology, and geomorphology of Inner Paphlagonia with special attention to available resources and communication routes, the results of which are presented in chapter two.
Extensive occupation of Inner Paphlagonia began in the Early Bronze Age; survey yielded very little evidence from the Paleolithic period (Lower and Middle Paleolithic), virtually no evidence of Neolithic occupation, and scant evidence from the Chalcolithic period.
demonstrate convincingly that Inner Paphlagonia constituted the northwestern arena of Hittite-Kaska interactions, where part of the textually attested Hittite-Kaska drama was played out.
Perhaps the most significant issue pertaining to the Hellenistic Period in Inner Paphlagonia is the localization of the town in the region Kinistene, called by Strabo Kimiata--to be emended to Kimistene and Kimista, respectively.
71) Seeking to build up a wider alliance against the Great King, Agesilaos proceeded to negotiate a marriage between Spithridates' daughter and the king of the neighbouring territory of Paphlagonia, Otys.