human papillomavirus

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human papillomavirus

(HPV), any of a family of more than 60 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar wartswart,
circumscribed outgrowth of the skin caused by a filterable virus that is readily transmitted. Warts may appear anywhere on the skin but are most common on the hands.
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 and genital warts, a sexually transmitted diseasesexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
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. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur. Intralesional alpha interferon has been effective in the treatment of genital warts. Genital warts, sometimes called condylomata acuminata, are soft and often occur in clusters. They can occur internally or externally, but even in the absence of warts the virus may be present and transmittable. Problems can result from untreated warts, which can grow quite large, or, in rare cases, from infection of an infant during delivery. In addition, certain strains of HPV are associated with cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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 of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, and anus, and HPV 16 has been shown to be associated with some forms of Kaposi's sarcoma (see AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
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) and throat cancer. A vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2006 can protect a woman against those strains that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts, and a study has shown it may also protect against related throat cancers; HPV vaccination is now recommended for both girls and boys beginning at 11 to 12 years of age.

human papillomavirus

[¦yü·mən ‚pap·ə′lō·mə ‚vī·rəs]
(medicine)
One of a family of more than 100 different viruses, most commonly spread via sexual contact, that cause warts on the hands and feet and in the genital area; several types are associated with premalignant and malignant changes in the cervix. Abbreviated HPV.
References in periodicals archive ?
SOURCE The International Papillomavirus Society (IPVS)
In addition to test volume and sales projections, the report presents sales and market share estimates for major suppliers of Papillomavirus tests.
Age-specific human papillomavirus antibody and deoxyribonucleic acid prevalence: A global review.
INTERFERON REGULATORY FACTOR-3 LEVELS ARE DECREASED TN CELL LINES EXPRESSING HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS.
Fakhry C, Gillison M: Clinical implications of human papillomavirus in head and neck cancers.
The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine protects against four strains of the virus (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) that are associated with the most disease, including cervical cancer in women (types 16 and 18) and genital warts in both women and men (types 6 and 11), according to a statement by the vaccine's manufacturer, Merck & Co Inc.
Recently, two HPV prophylactic vaccines, Cerverix and Gardasil based on papillomavirus like particles (HPV-VLPs) are produced by self-assembly of the major viral L-1 capsid protein using recombinant DNA technology.
Cervical cancer is the first cancer identified as having a single obligatory cause, cervical infection by human papillomavirus (HPV).
They are part of a Wales-wide campaign to initially protect 20,000 schoolgirls of the same age who will receive three jabs over six months to give them protection against the human papillomavirus.
A vaccine to protect against human papillomavirus (HPV) is being introduced to the routine immunisation programme in September 2008.
1 499 749 B1, "Human papillomavirus Detection with DNA Microarray," claims to be a method for detecting the presence of HPV using a microarray.