Hamadryas Baboon

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Hamadryas Baboon


(Papio hamadryas), a monkey of the genus of true baboons, the family Ceropithecidae, order of primates. Body length in males, 75-80 cm, with tails 53-60 cm long; weight, 20-30 kg. Weight of females, 10-15 kg. The coat is gray, without down, and the males develop a luxuriant, silver gray mantle. The females have brownish gray coats. The animals have well-developed, red ischial calluses. The muzzle is long and there are strong fangs and strongly developed cheek pouches.

The hamadryas baboon is found in Africa (eastern Ethiopia, eastern Sudan, and northern Somalia) and Asia (the Arabian Peninsula). It lives in open areas in the steppes and savannas, sleeping among rocks. It is omnivorous. A troop may consist of 40-80 members and sometimes as many as 200. The leaders are the strongest males. A family of hamadryas baboons contains one male and one to four females and their offspring. The gestation period is about 170 days. Life expectancy is 20-30 years. The hamadryas baboon is often kept in zoos and has been studied in laboratories and scientific institutes (for example, in the USSR at Sukhumi).


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The prevalence of zoonotic intestinal parasites of Papio hamadryas including Balantidium coli has been reported from significant baboon groups in south-western and north-western of Saudi Arabia (Ghandour et al.
apella, Papio hamadryas e Pan troglodytes) no zoologico de Buenos Aires, Argentina (VENTURINI et al.
The sample population used in this analysis consisted of 403 juvenile and adult baboons, Papio hamadryas hamadryas, of which 254 were female and 149 were male.
Although no heritability estimates are available for these traits in Papio hamadryas hamadryas, it is reasonable to assume substantial heritability based on studies of these characters in humans (Devor et al.
The hypothesis is not supported by this examination of a captive colony of Papio hamadryas hamadryas.
Inbreeding effects on dental morphometrics in Papio hamadryas.
Inbreeding, lymphoma, genetics and morphology of the Papio hamadryas colony of Sukhumi.