Paracas


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Paracas

(pärä`käs), Native American culture of ancient Peru. Named after the Paracas peninsula on the south coast, where their remains were first found, the Paracas produced resin-painted pottery and textiles, but little is known of their way of life. The so-called Palpa Lines, which are similar to the nearby Nazca Lines but are earlier and are carved into hillsides, may be the work of the Paracas. They were probably influenced by the earlier culture centered around Chavín de HuántarChavín de Huántar
, archaeological site in the northeastern highlands of Peru, near the headwaters of the Marañon River. It flourished between c.900 B.C. and 200 B.C.
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Paracas

 

an archaeological culture of settled farmers who lived along the southern coast of what is now Peru from the second half of the first millennium B.C. to the beginning of the Common Era. It was named after the Paracas Peninsula, where, in 1925, the archaeologist J. C. Tello first discovered a burial ground of this culture.

The initiators of the Paracas culture lived in small pisé houses. Among the crops they cultivated were maize, beans, pumpkins, and peanuts. They engaged in the gathering of shellfish and in fishing. Their pottery was very advanced and exhibited the marked influence of the Chavin culture in its decoration. The Paracas culture also exhibited highly developed textile weaving of cotton and wool and knitting and wickerwork, by which means fishnets were made. The dead were buried in a sitting position in underground chambers or in shallow graves. The burials were collective, apparently grouped by clans or families. The skulls were artificially deformed, some of them exhibiting traces of trepanation performed with obsidian implements, indicating an advanced knowledge of medicine.

REFERENCE

Bashilov, V. A. Drevnie tsivilizatsii Peru i Bolivii. Moscow, 1972. Pages 155–62.

V. A. BASHILOV

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This manner of using both a stiff and a soft material was found in the 5,000-year-old mummy wrappings excavated in Paracas, Peru.
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3]/ano) riego (ha) Pueblo Nuevo 79 42,04 2100 Tate 8 2,88 140 Pachacutec 27 12,61 630 Parcona 19 6,40 320 Los Aquijes 68 38,83 1940 La Tinguina 62 19,90 1000 Santiago 260 131,42 6570 Subtanjalla 45 17,38 870 Ica 101 29,43 1470 San Juan Bautista 41 11,23 560 San Jose de los Molinos 30 9,83 490 Salas Guadalupe 23 9,88 495 Rosario de Yauca 13 0,80 40 Ocucaje 88 2,36 115 Acuifero de Pampas de Villacuri Salas Villacuri 464 228 12800 Acuifero de Pampas de Lanchas Paracas 435 34 3800 Desc.
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