parameter


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

parameter

1. one of a number of auxiliary variables in terms of which all the variables in an implicit functional relationship can be explicitly expressed
2. a variable whose behaviour is not being considered and which may for present purposes be regarded as a constant, as y in the partial derivative ∂f(x,y)/∂x

Parameter

 

a variable whose values are used to distinguish elements of a given set. For example, the equation (x — a)2 + (y — b)2 = 1 in rectangular Cartesian coordinates determines the set of all circles of radius 1 in the xOy plane. By setting a = 3 and b = 4, we isolate in this set the completely defined circle with center at (3, 4). Thus, a and b are the parameters of a circle in the set.


Parameter

 

in engineering, a quantity that characterizes a certain aspect of a process, phenomenon, system, or device. Examples of such quantities in mechanical systems are mass, coefficient of friction, moment of inertia, and tension. Such parameters as heat capacity, heat flow, and thermal head are used for thermal processes. Typical electrical parameters are resistance, inductance, and capacitance. The physical processes that occur in a system are describable by equations giving the relation between the variable quantities of the processes. Parameters are usually the coefficients of the equations. They can be constants, or they can be variables dependent on time or the system’s coordinates.

The parameters of a system or device can be lumped or they can be distributed in space relative to one, two, or three coordinates. A typical example of a system with distributed parameters is an electric power transmission line, in which the inductance, capacitance, and resistance (conductance) are distributed along the entire length of the line. An example of a lumped parameter is the load on a small segment of a much longer beam.

M. M. MAIZEL

parameter

[pə′ram·əd·ər]
(crystallography)
Any of the axial lengths or interaxial angles that define a unit cell.
(electricity)
The resistance, capacitance, inductance, or impedance of a circuit element.
The value of a transistor or tube characteristic.
(mathematics)
An arbitrary constant or variable so appearing in a mathematical expression that changing it gives various cases of the phenomenon represented.
(physics)
A quantity which is constant under a given set of conditions, but may be different under other conditions.

parameter

parameter

(1) Any value passed to a program by the user or by another program in order to configure the program for a particular purpose. A parameter may be anything; for example, a file name, a coordinate, a range of values, a money amount or a code of some kind. Parameters may be required as in parameter-driven software (see below) or they may be optional. Parameters are often entered as a series of values following the program name when the program is loaded; for example, a DOS switch defines a parameter. In the command dir /p the /p is a parameter switch that means pause after every screenful.

(2) In programming, a value passed to a subroutine or function for processing. Programming today's graphical applications in languages such as C, C++ and Java requires knowledge of hundreds of parameters.

In the following C function, which creates the text window for the Windows version of this database, there are 11 parameters passed to the CreateWindow routine. Some of them call yet other functions for necessary information. In order to call this routine in a program, the programmer must determine the values for every parameter.

 hWndText = CreateWindow
 (
 "TextWClass",
 NULL,
 WS_CHILD|WS_BORDER|WS_VSCROLL|WS_TABSTOP,
 xChar*23+GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXVSCROLL)+8,
 yChar*4,
 Rect.right-Rect.left+1-xChar*23
    -2*GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXVSCROLL)+5,
 yChar*(Lines+1)+2,
 hWnd,
 IDC_TEXTLIST,
 (HANDLE)hInstance,
 NULL
 );
References in periodicals archive ?
Using this type of system for all 10 of the Ambulatory Care Parameters, we can ensure that we have developed a structured and comprehensive approach to quality assurance.
Parameter develops and manufactures innovative and energy-efficient humidity- and temperature-controlled storage chambers, rooms, conditioners and large capacity laboratory baths.
Flow of the fluid inside the system's pipes and through the output valve, represented by parameters [Q.
Headbox/former operation parameters (J/W ratio, L/b ratio, former turbulence/activity, dewatering devices/measurements).
2002) have recently shown that using the default convergence parameters in S-Plus may lead to biased parameter estimates.
Now, in seconds, the Wizard compares the Class Factor for each parameter to the previous value and actuates an automatic alarm if process control has deteriorated.
2 Develop indicator ranges for each parameter - Determine ranges based on compliance data published within the last five years.
com)-- Parameter Generation & Control is expanding its headquarters and manufacturing facility by 40 percent to accommodate new employees and to meet increased client demand for its innovative and energy-efficient humidity- and temperature-controlled storage equipment.
Faster convergence of nonlinear regression can be obtained by parameter grouping (Christensen, 1971).
2] has an independent noncentral chi-square distribution with v degrees of freedom and noncentrality parameter [lambda], then
Generally, the user interface allows one to enter the parameter values (radius, angle, etc.