paraplegia

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paraplegia

(pâr'əplē`jēə), paralysis of the lower part of the body, commonly affecting both legs and often internal organs below the waist. When both legs and arms are affected, the condition is called quadriplegia. Paraplegia and quadriplegia are caused by an injury or disease that damages the spinal cord, and consequently always affects both sides of the body. The extent of the paralysis depends on the level of the spinal cord at which the damage occurs. For example, damage to the lowest area of the cord may result only in paralysis of the legs, whereas damage farther up on the cord causes possible loss of control over the muscles of the bladder and rectum as well or, if occurring even higher, may result in paralysis of all four limbs and loss of control over the muscles involved in breathing.

Most frequently the cause is an injury that either completely severs the spinal cord or damages some of the nervous tissue in the cord. Such damage could result from broken vertebrae that press against the cord. Diseases that cause paraplegia or quadriplegia include spinal tuberculosis, syphilis, spinal tumors, multiple sclerosis, and poliomyelitis. Sometimes when the disease is treated and cured, the paralysis disappears, but usually the nerve damage is irreparable and paralysis is permanent. Treatment of paraplegia and quadriplegia is aimed at helping to compensate for the paralysis by means of mechanical devices and through psychological and physical therapy.

Paraplegia

 

paralysis of both lower or both upper limbs. It arises as a result of organic lesions of the nervous system (organic paraplegia); sometimes it results from psychogenic disturbances, as in paraplegia from hysteria.

paraplegia

[‚par·ə′plē·jə]
(medicine)
Paralysis of the lower limbs.

paraplegia

Pathol paralysis of the lower half of the body, usually as the result of disease or injury of the spine
References in periodicals archive ?
Julie, who was told in the wake of a car crash that she would never stand again, became the world's first paraplegic to have a revolutionary device implanted into her spine.
Stair climbing and ability to work for paraplegics with complete lesions - a sixteen-year follow-up.
Demetris Lambrianides, head of the Cyprus Paraplegic Association called the university's decision "a shameless disgrace.
Maybe more paraplegics would play golf or take the sport up if all public courses in this city had one or two of these special carts available, Sam says.
The result is that when the hospital has to deal with paraplegics with a serious medical condition, doctors put them in other wards because there is no doctor on duty at night in the paraplegic ward, only nurses.
London, September 4 (ANI): A British scientist has developed a "telepathic" microchip that can enable paraplegics to operate PCs and television by thought alone.
Larry Foster, Tim Ambler, Brian Robertson, Josh Munoz, Jerry Newman and a half-dozen other guys -- all paraplegics -- just sitting there in their sports wheelchairs bouncing a basketball and showing a lot of class.
SAN DIEGO -- US Army veteran and paraplegic Darol Kubacz today announced the release of an innovative Internet fundraising campaign -- "Kilimanjaro -- The Movie" -- designed to help finance the documentary filmmaking of the Mount Kilimanjaro "Uhuru Ascent" of a group of paraplegics and disabled individuals.
During the past academic year, 29 high school teams across the country either received new or continuation grants to work on inventions ranging from a neural-directed wheelchair for paraplegics to a computer mouse that can be worn as a glove.
According to Demetris Lambrianides, the President of the Association, the aim is to ensure pavements are for all of Cyprus' pedestrians -- not just paraplegics.
In a nutshell: Two mismatched young Irish paraplegics try to live on their own, discover heartbreak and self-worth.
This includes those injured in an accident or suffering from a disease or birth defect, such as paraplegics and quadriplegics, and people suffering from Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson's, SCI, Muscular Dystrophy, Cerebral Palsy, head injury, auto accidents, and other types of muscular degeneration.