Passive design

Passive design

Building design and placement in home construction that permits the use of natural thermal processes—convection, absorption, radiation, and conduction—to support comfort levels and reduce or eliminate the need for mechanical systems for these purposes.
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Passive design refers to building design that does not require electromechanical equipment for heating or cooling.
NYUAD's design for a LEED certified accommodation incorporates passive design strategies, future-ready infrastructure, and low-impact modular prefabrication to incorporate diverse technologies and achieve energy self-sufficiency without compromising overall comfort.
According to EmiratesGBC, its report "presents the challenges and opportunities to nZEB in the UAE, sustainability and building strategies, energy conservation measures, and passive design in nZEBs", as well as case studies on the participating properties, energy indicators of nZEBs, and energy analysis.
This passive design strategy supports a decrease in HVAC use and resulting lower utility bills, plus a 40 per cent reduction in water consumption.
In awarding the project a 2017 AIA COTE Top Ten Award by the American Institute of Architects Committee on the Environment (COTE), the awards jury noted that its passive design strategies are a model for hospitals around the world.
ECBC 2017 sets parameters for builders, designers and architects to integrate renewable energy sources in building design with the inclusion of passive design strategies.
The architectural expression of the building employs a number of vernacular and passive design elements grounded in Middle East architecture that are applied in a modern cultural and aesthetic way.
Their topics include simulating passive design strategies of rural residential buildings in severe cold regions of northeast China, increasing transportation efficiencies and reducing emissions within a city, towards smart urban transportation system in the Zimbabwean city of Harare, smart city solutions for India: learning from the best practices around the world, and total quality management in smart city development.
Passive design strategies, such as orienting the building carefully, using natural ventilation where possible, and incorporating overhands and exterior fins, serve as a kind of built-in demand response because they're "always on" to minimize the building's load profile, the authors explain.
Commercial buildings could include both active and passive design in the outline.
In Africa, passive design measures which draw on the local climate to cool data centres can be employed in order to reduce cooling needs.
Passive design principles will also ensure that energy requirements are kept to a minimum.

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