Pathet Lao


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Pathet Lao

(pät`ət lou), left-wing nationalist group that was ultimately victorious in the Laotian civil war that began in the mid-1950s. The name was first used in 1950 by Lao forces after the they joined the Viet MinhViet Minh
, officially Viet Nam Doc Lap Dong Minh [League for the Independence of Vietnam], a coalition of Communist and nationalist groups that opposed the French and the Japanese during World War II.
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's revolt against the French, and it became the generic term for the Lao Communists. In 1956 an official party, the Neo Lao Hak Sat (Lao Patriotic Front) was formed. In the 1960s and early 70s, the Pathet Lao fought the U.S.-supported government and finally won control of Laos in 1975.

Pathet Lao

 

the name given to Laos by the nationalist movement of Lao Issara (Free Laotian Party) after the anticolonial revolt in October 1945. The United National Front of Laos (Neo Lao Issara), which sprang up in 1950, was also often called the Pathet Lao. By extension, the name was applied to the national liberation movement directed by the front. At present the name “Pathet Lao” is used as another name for the Patriotic Front of Laos (PFL, Neo Lao Hak Sat), formed in 1956.

References in periodicals archive ?
and trained by the Thais, the tribesmen were helicoptered from their mountain hamlets to conduct increasingly elaborate skirmishes against the Pathet Lao and the North Vietnamese.
It is significant that the first section is perceived not to include any ethnic Lao persons and so the chronicle is only called the Phongsavadan pathet lao (Chronicle of the Lao country), but the opening of the Khun Bulom story is apprehended to tell the origin of the Lao so that the chronicle then is properly titled the Phongsavadan xaat lao (Chronicle of the Lao race).
19) For instance, in a report published in 1993 by the US Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs, Godley McMurtrie, the US ambassador to the former Kingdom of Laos from 1969 to 1973, averred that the leadership of the Pathet Lao was controlled by Hanoi.
A 'peaceful solution' to the crisis, however, required an end to Soviet and North Vietnamese intervention, as well as Pathet Lao attacks against the RLG.
Looking at the specific political situation in Laos in the 1960s, we again have to recall that these developments took place in a time when the Pathet Lao intrusion into the rural areas of Laos was advancing fast.
Although it is not well over two decades since the end of the second Indochinese war, the covert CIA bombing and infiltration of Laos, and the takeover of the country by the Communist Pathet Lao, memories of those times live on in the recollections of its survivors.
There, an armed rightist camp backed by the Americans was facing the Pathet Lao, a nationalist group supported by the communists of North Vietnam.
Although American prisoners in Laos were supposed to be turned over in the wake of the 1973 peace accords between the United States and Vietnam, the Pathet Lao were not formal signatories to the agreement.
1982, "The Rewards of Revolution: Pathet Lao Policy towards the Hill Tribes Since 1975" in Contemporary Laos.
Indeed, after neutralisation the United States--while complaining of the Pathet Lao and the North Vietnamese--retained its connection with Phoumi, not to mention Vang Pao and the Hmong whom the United States had organised and armed under Eisenhower and to an even greater extent under his successor.
In 2005, The number of home users rose from 3,638 people in 2005 to 3,941 in 2006 (Kaosan Pathet Lao, 17 June 2006).
Although the Pathet Lao declared on April 3, 1973 that Laotian Communist forces were holding American POWs and were prepared to give an accounting, nine days later a DOD spokesman declared that there were no more American prisoners anywhere in Southeast Asia.