Paul Charles Joseph Bourget

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Bourget, Paul Charles Joseph

 

Born Sept. 2, 1852, in Amiens; died Dec. 25, 1935, in Paris. French writer. Elected to the Académie Française in 1894.

Starting his career as a decadent poet and critic, Bourget followed H. Taine’s positivist method in his articles (Essays on Modern Psychology, 1883 and New Essays on Modern Psychology, 1885). The characters of Bourget’s first novels—A Cruel Enigma (1885; Russian translation, 1894) and In a Net of Lies (1887; Russian translation, 1888)—are representatives of upper society; they are snobs or virtuous and narrow-minded Catholics. In his most important novel, The Disciple (1889; Russian translation, 1889), Bourget asserted the superiority of ethics and religion over scientific thinking. In his subsequent novels (about 45), which include The Stage (1902; Russian translation, 1903) and The Meaning of Death (1915), Bourget argued that only Catholicism and monarchy can save France, which “has been weakened by revolutions.” The drama The Barricade (1910) is imbued with hatred for democracy.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1-9. Paris, 1899-1911
In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch., vols. 1-[10]. St. Petersburg, 1901.
Uchenik. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Carassus, E. Le Snobisme et les lettres françaises de P. Bourget à M. Proust, 1884-1914. Paris, 1966.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

References in classic literature ?
She herself had no fears of it, and the books scattered about her drawing-room (a part of the house in which books were usually supposed to be "out of place"), though chiefly works of fiction, had whetted Archer's interest with such new names as those of Paul Bourget, Huysmans, and the Goncourt brothers.
La consideracion del estado nervioso como la enfermedad de los artistas es introducida en la novela desde el epigrafe, en el cual Gil Fortoul coloca una cita de Paul Bourget que hace referencia al asunto: "La forme d'espirit, particuliere aux poetes qui ne sont que poetes, fait d'eux les victimes d'une sorte d'etat mal defini, que l'on pourrait nommer l'etat lyrique" (4).
Instead of organizing his study around particular novels or stories by James and showing how they were influenced by the work of French authors, as scholars have usually done, Wrenn takes the authors associated with the Revue des Deux Mondes during the Second Empire, explains the political, ideological, and aesthetic philosophy associated with this group, and organizes his chapters by author: About, Cherbuliez, Feuillet, Alexandre Dumas fils, and Paul Bourget.
Among his other titles is a book on Paul Bourget, published in 1976, but since 1980 and his so-called retirement, he has produced an astonishing number and variety of works, authoring, editing, or co-editing The George Sand Conference Papers, Essays on the Literature of Mountaineering, Martin Walser: International Perspectives, The Armand E.
Entonces yo leia malas traducciones del frances de las novelas de Paul Bourget, Pierre Loti y Eugene Sue, que formaban parte de la biblioteca de mi padre, hasta que un dia aparecio en mi casa un numero de Mexico en la Cultura y ahi descubri algo que iba a marcarme de por vida: un adelanto de La region mas transparente, la primera novela de Carlos Fuentes, que ya cumplio medio siglo de su publicacion.
Taine, Paul Bourget y Remy de Gourmont, hacen parte de los autores en los que se apoya para explicar su vision evolutiva de las artes (Grillo, 1911: 99).
The writing of Paul Bourget, friend of James for many years, is also explored.
In their Avant-Propos, Michele-Ange Fougere and Daniel Sangsue describe how the work of Paul Bourget (1852-1935) languished in obscurity after his death.
Edgar Allan Poe would have accused Paul Bourget of heresy.
On y trouvera une multitude d'informations sur la grecomanie d'Hoffmann, sur le philhellenisme de Paul Bourget, Louis Bertrand, Paul Jamot, sur le mishellenisme d'Alberto Savinio.
Los textos biblicos, la Tora, los dialogos de Platon, Ciceron, San Agustin, Dante, Racine, Montaigne, Shakespeare, Nietzsche, Thomas Mann, Paul Bourget, Paul Valery, Louis Gilloux, Alain, Saul Bellow, Fernando Pessoa, Yasunari Kawabata, Charles Maurras, Nadia Boulanger, son algunos de los nombres con que este seminarista laico va sembrando su indagacion en torno a uno de los misterios clave del ser humano como especie biologica y cultural: la historia del saber, la historia de la paideia y de la pedagogia, la teologia de la ensenanza.
The poet and critic Paul Bourget evoked a continental duel between the America of the Americans and the America of the foreigners.