Paul Charles Joseph Bourget

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Bourget, Paul Charles Joseph

 

Born Sept. 2, 1852, in Amiens; died Dec. 25, 1935, in Paris. French writer. Elected to the Académie Française in 1894.

Starting his career as a decadent poet and critic, Bourget followed H. Taine’s positivist method in his articles (Essays on Modern Psychology, 1883 and New Essays on Modern Psychology, 1885). The characters of Bourget’s first novels—A Cruel Enigma (1885; Russian translation, 1894) and In a Net of Lies (1887; Russian translation, 1888)—are representatives of upper society; they are snobs or virtuous and narrow-minded Catholics. In his most important novel, The Disciple (1889; Russian translation, 1889), Bourget asserted the superiority of ethics and religion over scientific thinking. In his subsequent novels (about 45), which include The Stage (1902; Russian translation, 1903) and The Meaning of Death (1915), Bourget argued that only Catholicism and monarchy can save France, which “has been weakened by revolutions.” The drama The Barricade (1910) is imbued with hatred for democracy.

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1-9. Paris, 1899-1911
In Russian translation:
Sobr. soch., vols. 1-[10]. St. Petersburg, 1901.
Uchenik. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959.
Carassus, E. Le Snobisme et les lettres françaises de P. Bourget à M. Proust, 1884-1914. Paris, 1966.

M. A. GOL’DMAN

References in classic literature ?
She herself had no fears of it, and the books scattered about her drawing-room (a part of the house in which books were usually supposed to be "out of place"), though chiefly works of fiction, had whetted Archer's interest with such new names as those of Paul Bourget, Huysmans, and the Goncourt brothers.
Contract award: technical supervision mission for the proposed redevelopment of the area paul bourget - 2 paris 13th stage.
Instead of organizing his study around particular novels or stories by James and showing how they were influenced by the work of French authors, as scholars have usually done, Wrenn takes the authors associated with the Revue des Deux Mondes during the Second Empire, explains the political, ideological, and aesthetic philosophy associated with this group, and organizes his chapters by author: About, Cherbuliez, Feuillet, Alexandre Dumas fils, and Paul Bourget.
As part of the examination of James's evolving response to Flaubert, Brooks includes an interesting discussion of a little-known chapter in James's artistic and intellectual life: his attendance at the 1897 lecture at Oxford on Flaubert by James's friend, Paul Bourget (129-32).
The writing of Paul Bourget, friend of James for many years, is also explored.
Between these extremes, the naturalist novelists tended to live in middling quartiers, thus occupying a symbolically inferior position compared to opponents like the "psychological" novelist Paul Bourget.
These central chapters, as well as chapters on Emile Zola, Paul Bourget and the first generation of socialist normaliens, offer some interesting and valuable discussions of the intellectual life of fin de si[grave{e}]cle Paris.
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Contract award: building construction, 18/34 rue paul bourget, paris 75013.
Contract notice: Mission technical inspection for the proposed redevelopment of the area paul bourget - paris 13th phase 2.
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