Paul Broca


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Related to Paul Broca: Broca's area, Carl Wernicke

Broca, Paul

(pōl brôkä`), 1824–80, French pathologist, anthropologist, and pioneer in neurosurgery. A professor in Paris at the Faculty of Medicine and at the Anthropological Institute, he was a founder of the Anthropological Society of Paris (1859) and of the Revue d'anthropologie (1872). An authority on aphasia, he localized the brain center for articulate speech in the convolution of Broca, or Broca's area (the third convolution of the left frontal lobe). He originated methods of classifying hair and skin color and of establishing brain and skull ratios.
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En esa trayectoria aparecen nombres insoslayables, como los del gran maestro frances Paul Broca y de todo el equipo de eminentes hombres de ciencia que permitieron ligar los nuevos planteamientos cientificos a un desarrollo institucional parisino que, como veremos, se convirtio en una caja de resonancia internacional.
He also had an ongoing fascination, fostered by one of his mentors, the neurologist Paul Broca (1824-80), with the anatomy and function of the human brain.
Young Pierre Paul Broca, just seventeen and already entering medical school, creates something of a stir.
Language centers such as Broca's area, which is named for the 19th century French neurologist Paul Broca, are correspondingly larger on the left side of the brain in most right-handed people.
The 19th century French surgeon Pierre Paul Broca left an indelible mark in medicine with his observations on aphasia, language dominance, and cerebral localization.
A French scientist named Paul Broca studied people who had lost the ability to speak.
In the middle of the nineteenth century, a Parisian surgeon named Paul Broca made the discovery, via postmortem examination, that all of his patients who suffered a particular variety of speech production disorder also suffered focal lesions of the left cerebral hemisphere.
Por ejemplo, el descubrimiento de Paul Broca del Centro del Lenguaje en el Cerebro, y el posterior estudio de otros centros cerebrales, condujo a los evolucionistas sociales a suponer que la criminalidad, el alcoholismo y la violencia social se debian a individuos que conservaban huellas de la bestia primitiva de la que descendimos.
Lest we forget, Thomas Huxley, Paul Broca, and other apostles of scientific rationality were among the foremost bigots of their time.
The French anthropologist Paul Broca (1824-1880) marshalled the arguments in favor of Neanderthals being a more primitive form of life than we ourselves, and that turned the tide.
For more see Stephen Jay Gould, "Measuring Heads: Paul Broca the Heyday of Craniology," in The Mismeasure of Man, (New York, 1981), 73-112; Anne Harrington, Medicine, Mind, and the Double Brain: A Study in Nineteenth-Century Thought (Princeton, 1987), 87-90.