Paul of Samosata


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Paul of Samosata

(səmŏs`ətə), fl. 260–72, Syrian Christian theologian, heretical patriarch of Antioch. He was a friend and high official of ZenobiaZenobia
, d. after 272, queen of Palmyra. She was of Arab stock and was the wife of Septimius Odenathus. He was murdered, probably through her contrivance, and she obtained rule of his lands in the name of her son.
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 of Palmyra. Paul enounced a dynamic monarchianismmonarchianism
[Gr.,=belief in the rule of one], the concept of God that maintains his sole authority even over Christ and the Holy Spirit. Its characteristic tenet, that God the Father and Jesus are one person, was developed in two forms in early Christianity.
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, denying the three Persons of the Trinity. He taught that the Logos came to dwell in Jesus at baptism, but that Jesus possessed no extraordinary nature above other men, the Logos being entirely an attribute of God. Paul was repeatedly challenged and finally excommunicated (269), but he continued to function as bishop under Zenobia's protection until the Romans took Palmyra (272). Arius may have been his pupil and his influence on Nestorius was considerable, but his connection with the PauliciansPaulicians
, Christian heretical sect. The sect developed in Armenia from obscure origins and is first mentioned in the middle of the 6th cent., where it is associated with Nestorianism.
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 is disputed. See adoptionismadoptionism,
Christian heresy taught in Spain after 782 by Elipandus, archbishop of Toledo, and Felix, bishop of Urgel (Seo de Urgel). They held that Jesus at the time of his birth was purely human and only became the divine Son of God by adoption when he was baptized.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Patronage in Early Christianity: Its Use and Transformation from Jesus to Paul of Samosata.
Yet he does not consider the action of councils prior to Nicaea, such as Antioch that condemned Paul of Samosata in 268.
10) Fifty years after Pamphilus' Apology, it was possible to be unimpeachably orthodox, and yet believe that the term had been condemned by the pious bishops who deposed Paul of Samosata from the see of Antioch in 268-9.
In 268, the council of Antioch condemned Paul of Samosata, bishop of Palmyra, for corrupting the virgins he had taken into his household.
Luijendijk conjectures that Sotas was in Antioch either on business or possibly to participate in the excommunication of that city's bishop, Paul of Samosata.
Here the transcript made it easier to refute the opponent, Paul of Samosata, by recording the inconsistencies of his statements.
Yet the most ingenious reason the Homoiousians gave was its supposed condemnation by an Antiochene synod that met fifty years before Nicaea, namely the 268 synod that condemned Paul of Samosata.
First, there is a theological connection between second- and third-century adoptionism, expressed by such figures as Theodotus of Byzantium and Paul of Samosata, and the eighth-century Spanish variety of the heresy found in the thought of Elipandus of Toledo and Felix of Urgel.
Second, Paul of Samosata as a Roman bureaucrat who introduced Roman legal trappings into the congregation may not be exceptionally strange.
30) For this reason, Marcellus' contemporaries thought his Christology resembled that of the notorious third-century bishop, Paul of Samosata.
Concerning the courageous attempt to define the true nature of the doctrine of Paul of Samosata (207-35), I would personally have given more credit to the precious testimony of Hilary of Poitiers, On the Councils 81, on the Modalism of the Samosatene, quoted at page 219 (see my article: "The Word `Homoousios' from Hellenism to Christianity," Church History, 71:2).
Furthermore, he believes that Arius stands in a line of tradition which derives from Paul of Samosata.