Peace Corps


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Peace Corps,

agency of the U.S. government, whose purpose is to assist underdeveloped countries in meeting their needs for trained manpower. The Peace Corps was established in 1961 by executive order of President Kennedy; Congress approved it as a permanent agency within the Dept. of State the same year. Peace Corps volunteers serve for two-year periods. Currently volunteers serve in more than 70 countries in such areas as agriculture; the teaching of languages, mathematics, and science; vocational training; business and public administration; and natural resource development. In 1981 the Peace Corps was made an independent agency. The program now also sends volunteers to the former Soviet-bloc nations and Communist nations and tries to attract more people with technical training or special skills, particularly in agriculture. In 2005 volunteers were deployed in the United States for the first time, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.

Bibliography

See R. Carey, The Peace Corps (1970); B. K. Ashdoranner, A Moment in History: The First Ten Years of the Peace Corps (1971); L. Carter, Away from Home (1977); T. Z. Reeves, The Politics of the Peace Corps and Vista (1988); K. Schwarz, An Oral History of the Peace Corps (1991).

Peace Corps

U.S. agency devoted to assisting underdeveloped nations. [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 575–576]
References in periodicals archive ?
These resources come through a variety of methods including: Peace Corps grants, Private Sector Initiatives, host nation government allocations, NGO support, IGO involvement, and community funding.
Peace Corps activists in America do not choose their ultimate destination but they can--for example--express a preference for Eastern Europe, a choice that could lead them to Bulgaria.
The locations of Peace Corps assignments are based on needs as requested by country officials, and the organization receives "a lot of requests for people with public health skills," Conoboy said.
The Peace Corps represented, in part, an attempt to reorient U.
The Peace Corps service commitment is 2 years, plus a few months of training.
Boggs, president of the AACC, maintained that the Peace Corps offers community colleges the "opportunity to learn a new language, live in another culture, develop leadership skills, and put degrees and experience to work in gratifying ways that improve the lives of others.
In contrast, Peace Corps volunteers assigned to Mexico will work in such fields as information technology, small business development and science and technology.
Your photos," Peace Corps founding director Sargent Shriver wrote in a letter to Conklin shortly before his death, "proved in ways more powerful than words that we truly are all God's children and more alike than different.
The day after he became President, Kennedy ordered a task force to take the first steps in creating the Peace Corps, which has since sent more than 165,000 volunteers to help in 135 countries.
The Peace Corps and IBM are launching an innovative public-private partnership to allow highly skilled corporate professionals to serve overseas in short-term, high-impact pro bono consulting assignments through the Peace Corps Response program.
2, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The Peace Corps and IBM (NYSE: IBM) are launching an innovative public-private partnership to allow highly skilled corporate professionals to serve overseas in short-term, high-impact pro bono consulting assignments through the Peace Corps Response program.

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