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Pella(pĕl`ə), ancient city of MacedonMacedon
, ancient country, roughly equivalent to the modern region of Macedonia. In the history of Greek culture Macedon had its single significance in producing the conquerors and armies who created the Hellenistic empires and civilizations.
..... Click the link for more information. , about 24 mi (39 km) NW of Thessalonica (now Thessaloníki). It became the capital of the Macedonian kingdom in the 4th cent. B.C. It prospered under Macedonian rule but declined after the Roman conquest of Macedon (168 B.C.). Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
or Alexander III,
356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Youth and Kingship
The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education.
..... Click the link for more information. was born at Pella. Modern excavations have revealed a grid pattern of large houses decorated with a variety of mosaics.
an ancient city in N Greece: the capital of Macedonia under Philip II