Penicillium

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Related to Penicillium citrinum: Penicillium rubrum, Penicillium islandicum

Penicillium

 

a genus of Fungi Imperfecti whose ascigerous stage is classified in the order Plectascales. From the vegetative mycelium of members of the genus Penicillium emerge conidio-phores that branch out into racemules at the apex, where chains of colored, unicellular spores, or conidia, are produced. The genus contains approximately 250 species, which are widely distributed in the soil. Fungi of the genus Penicillium induce spoilage in foodstuffs and take part in the decomposition of plant and animal tissue. As do other species of fungi, they form molds. Penicillium chrysogenum and Penicillium notatum are used in the preparation of penicillin, while Penicillium camemberti and Penicillium roqueforti are widely used in cheese-making.

References in periodicals archive ?
TABLA I PORCENTAJE DE GENEROS DE HONGOS AISLADOS DE LAS MUESTRAS DE ALIMENTOS CONCENTRADOS PARA PERROS Y GATOS Genero N Porcentaje (%) Aspergillus 26 37,14 Penicillium 17 24,29 Fusarium 12 17,14 Cladosporium 8 11,43 Acremonium 3 4,29 Eurotium 2 2,86 Mucor 2 2,86 Total 70 100 TABLA II FRECUENCIA DE AISLAMIENTO DE ESPECIES FUNGICAS EN ALIMENTOS CONCENTRADOS PARA PERROS Y GATOS Tipo de mascota Marca del Especies fungicas N (%) alimento Perros 1 Penicillium expansum 1 (1,43) 2 Penicillium expansum 4 (5,71) Aspergillus flavus 8 (11,43) Cladosporium herbarum 3 (4,29) Aspergillus fumigatus 4 (5,71) 3 Fusarium poae 4 (5,71) Aspergillus flavus 7 (10,00) Acremonium charticola 2 (2,86) Acremonium charticola 1 (1,43) 4 Aspergillus terreus 4 (5,71) Penicillium citrinum 12 (17,14) Gatos 1 Mucor sp.
Penicillim oxalicum, Penicillium italicum, Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium citrinum were obtained from Fungal Culture Bank, University of the Punjab, Lahore and Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, GC University, Lahore.
Bacillus subtilis, and Penicillium citrinum, it was salso revealed that survival fraction declines exponentially with ozone dose increase (Li-& Wang, 2003).
The extracts of Aspergillus ochraceus 3MCMC3 and Penicillium citrinum (14) 4MCMC16 present wide spectral antibacterial properties, inhibiting 100 % and 80 % of the developing germs, especially Pseudomonas aeruginosa 9027.
cepacia CVCM 1328 contra Aspergillus ochraceus y Penicillium citrinum con 26 y 24 mm de inhibicion, respectivamente; mientras que los aislados B.
2005) have used dichloran 18% glycerol agar and dichloran rose Bengal chloramphenicol agar (DRBC) for mycoflora analysis and isolated Penicillium citrinum, Aspergillus candidus and Fusarium proliferatum in high frequency.
The antifungal activity of the hops extract was evalutted against Aspergillus niger (ATCC 9029), Aspergillus flavus (PTCC5006), Penicillium citrinum (ATCC 38065), Penicillium.