Pennsylvania Railroad


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Pennsylvania Railroad,

former U.S. transportation company; inc. 1846 by the Pennsylvania legislature. It opened in 1854 as a single-track line between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. Beginning in 1857, the company purchased many railroads, most notably the Allegheny Portage RR, that were owned and operated by the state of Pennsylvania. During the Civil War the Pennsylvania RR played an important role in the Union war effort. In the last decades of the 1800s, especially under the presidency of Thomas A. Scott (1874–80), the railroad rapidly extended its operations between the East Coast and the Mississippi River and between the Great Lakes and the Ohio and Potomac rivers. In 1910 a tunnel under the Hudson River allowed the railroad to reach its new terminal in New York City, known in the mid-1900s as the world's busiest rail station. The Pennsylvania RR introduced many innovations to railroading, including air conditioning, electrification, and the practice of loading truck-trailers on flat cars. In 1968, after a long legal battle that reached the U.S. Supreme Court, the Pennsylvania RR merged with the New York Central RR to form the Penn Central CompanyPenn Central Company,
former U.S. transportation company, formed in 1968 by the merger of the New York Central RR and the Pennsylvania RR. By the early 1970s the railroad was bankrupt; in 1976 the U.S.
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Bibliography

See J. C. Van Horne and E. E. Drelick, Traveling the Pennsylvania Railroad (2002).

References in classic literature ?
Colonel Scott was the President of the Pennsylvania Railroad, and therefore a man of the highest prestige in the city.
However, a 1952 guide that I own about the Pennsylvania Railroad and its subsidiaries and affiliated companies shows that the Pennsylvania was still involved with the Greyhound Building Corp.
Moreover, he says, the post office plans do not address how the behemoth Penn Station complex can interact more harmoniously with the neighborhood, a problem that has beset planners and developers for over a century, ever since Pennsylvania Railroad president Alexander Cassatt sought to bring his Philadelphia-based trains into the heart of Manhattan.
With financial help from Andrew Carnegie and other wealthy associates, Vanderbilt began building the South Pennsylvania Railroad parallel to the Pennsy line in western Pennsylvania.
Railroad employees formed cricket teams in the latter half of the 1870s and, in 1878, the Pennsylvania Railroad Company constructed Cricket Field at Chestnut Avenue and Seventh Street.
But as the New York Central Railroad, owner of the station, merged with Pennsylvania Railroad, economic decline sparked another effort to build a tower, as high as 55 stories, atop Grand Central.
Within a couple of years, he began taking major risks and soon made his first investment, in a package delivery company that relied on the Pennsylvania Railroad.
Edgar Thomson, Pennsylvania Railroad president and future Carnegie associate, sent Palmer, a protege, west in 1867 to find potential coalfields for his Kansas Pacific Railroad.
An introduction provides an overview of 19th century Canton railroad development while subsequent chapters discuss the different railway lines which serviced the region during the 19th and 20th centuries, including Pennsylvania Railroad, Conrail, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Wheeling and Lake Erie Railway, and the Ohio Central Railroad System.
If built, Amtrak's tunnels would join NJ Transit's planned Access to the Region's Core tunnels, on which minor construction has begun on the New Jersey side, and the current tunnels built by the Pennsylvania Railroad 100 years ago and used by commuter and Amtrak trains.
The Pennsylvania Railroad company is a good example of how a large and well-established employer expanded its services through strengthening the core.
The Pennsylvania Railroad purchased the final parcels needed to build the city's largest hotel, the Hotel Pennsylvania, across Seventh Avenue from its newly constructed passenger rail station, 97 years ago this month.

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