People's Court


Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

People’s Court

 

in the USSR, the court of first instance in a city district or in a city not subdivided into districts. The primary link in the court system, the people’s court hears all criminal and civil cases arising in a given territory, with the exception of cases assigned by law to the jurisdiction of other courts and certain cases involving administrative violations. In addition, the people’s court hears cases involving citizen complaints of improper inclusion on or exclusion from voter lists for elections to local soviets.

The principles by which the people’s courts are organized in the Soviet state were set down during the first years of Soviet power. The decree on courts that was issued on Nov. 24, 1917 (Collection of Laws and Regulations of the Worker and Peasant Government, 1917, no. 4, Art. 50), which established the people’s courts, laid down the fundamentals of the Soviet judicial system. The 1936 Constitution of the USSR and subsequent laws based on it have reinforced and expanded the democratic principles of the structure and function of the people’s courts. The people’s courts are elected and are thus accountable to the voters; they are collegial, with all cases being heard by a people’s judge and two people’s assessors; and they are independent in their administration of justice.

Verdicts and orders in civil cases and judgments in cases involving the recovery of property are carried out by the bailiffs of the people’s court. People’s courts play a significant role in protecting socialist property; the personal property of citizens; the political, labor, housing, and other personal and property rights of citizens of the USSR; and the property rights of kolkhozes and of state and other public organizations.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
2 Intermediate People's Court put the case on record, SI Group repeatedly sent letters to several Japanese and the three largest international tire manufacturers at the beginning of 2010, claiming that Sino Legend had illegally absconded with its business secrets and that the facts had been confirmed by the relevant authorities.
After talks with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Uzbekistan , the two sides signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on cooperation between the two Supreme People's Courts which marked a new step of development in friendly relations between the two countries' court sector.
Wan E'xiang, a Deputy Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court, has said that between 2000 and 2008 lower courts refused to enforce foreign arbitral awards on public policy grounds but the Supreme People's Court did not uphold any of those decisions.
The Dalian Intermediate People's Court sentenced Akano to death in June 2008.
A spokesman for Mr Brown said: "The Prime Minister wrote to express his dismay that Akmal Shaikh's sentence has been upheld by the Supreme People's Court.
An aide said: "The Prime Minister wrote to express his dismay that Akmal Shaikh's sentence was upheld by the Supreme People's Court.
Sources at the Intermediate People's Court in Shenzhen in the Chinese Guangdong Province said the fake medicines had caused death to some people in several countries in the Middle East and Latin America and also harmed the reputation of Chinese products.
Mr Li Peiying, the former Chairman and General Manager of Capital Airports Holding Company (CAH) was executed in the eastern city of Jinan, Xinhua, after the Supreme People's Court upheld his sentence.
To give effect to these mandatory and exclusive provisions, the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China issued on 10 June, 2008 to the relevant People's Court in Beijing and also to the co-host cities, with the exception of Hong Kong (SAR), the following directive:
The statement reads, "As ruled by the Intermediate People's Court of Suqian City and the Higher People's Court of Jiangsu province, China, the asset-takeover letter sent by KPMG Huazhen's Guangzhou branch to Suqian Wahaha Beverage Co.
6) In addition, a 2003 Supreme People's Court interpretation provides for damages of a possibly punitive nature in certain types of housing disputes.
The People's Court, launched yesterday by Aston-based Legal TV, aims to give everyone from offenders and witnesses, to lawyers and friends the opportunity to make their voices heard.

Full browser ?