Parti Québécois

(redirected from Pequistes)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to Pequistes: Parti Quebecois

Parti Québécois

(pärtē kēbĕkwä`) (PQ), provincial political party committed to the independence of Quebec. Founded in 1968, it soon became a force in provincial elections. In 1976, led by René LévesqueLévesque, René
, 1922–87, Canadian political leader and Quebec separatist. After a career in journalism and television, he served in the Quebec National Assembly (1961–67) as a member of the Liberal party.
..... Click the link for more information.
, it captured control of the provincial assembly. Among its first acts was the passage of Bill 101, controversial legislation that made French the official language of Quebec and prohibited the use of English on signs and in most commercial transactions. It also introduced much social legislation, such as no-fault auto insurance legislation. In May, 1980, voters in the long-awaited provincial referendum rejected the proposition that Quebec should proceed to negotiate for its independence. Despite this, the party won the 1981 provincial elections. Internal dissension over the result of the 1980 referendum led to a weakening of the party. Lévesque resigned as party leader in 1985, and the PQ was defeated in provincial elections later that year. Subsequent party leaders Pierre-Marc Johnson and Jacques Parizeau struggled to return the PQ to its earlier success. In 1994 the party returned to power, and Parizeau became Quebec's premier. He resigned as premier and party leader, however, after Quebec voters narrowly rejected independence in a PQ-sponsored referendum in 1995; Lucien BouchardBouchard, Lucien
, 1938–, French-Canadian separatist leader, b. Quebec. A lawyer and a political ally of Brian Mulroney, Bouchard served under him as Canada's ambassador to France (1985–88) and environment minister (1989–90).
..... Click the link for more information.
 succeeded him. The PQ remained in power after the 1998 provincial elections. Bouchard resigned as party leader and premier in 2001, and Bernard Landry succeeded him, serving as premier until the PQ's loss at the polls in 2003. André Boisclair succeed Landry as party leader in 2005. The PQ placed third in 2007 provincial elections, behind the Liberals and the conservative Action Démocratique, a party that called for autonomy for Quebec. Boisclair subsequently resigned as PQ leader; Pauline MaroisMarois, Pauline
, 1949–, Canadian politician, b. Quebec. A social worker and Parti Québécois (PQ) member, she was first elected to the Quebec National Assembly in 1981, and served in ministerial positions under Premier Lévesque.
..... Click the link for more information.
 succeeded him. Under Marois the PQ dropped its vow to hold a new referendum on independence soon after regaining control of the provincial government. In 2008 the PQ again lost to the Liberals but placed second. The party won a plurality in 2012, and Marois became Quebec's first woman premier, but the PQ lost to the Liberals in 2014. She stepped down as party leader and was succeeded in 2015 by Pierre Karl Pelédeau, but he resigned a year later.
References in periodicals archive ?
Infuriated pequistes decried Cliche and the UFP as traitors, but Quebec's radical Left drew a more important conclusion: With the right conditions and resources, substantial inroads could be made against the establishment parties.
Aujourd'hui, le debat sur la partition, ainsi que la question linguistique, hantent a nouveau le debat sur les defusions des petites municipalites qui ont ete integrees aux grandes villes sous le gouvernement pequiste.
Force cependant est de reconnaitre que les manoeuvres pequistes ont seulement conduit a moduler differemment ces appuis.
As in 1980, the Pequistes tried to defuse the "profitable federalism" arguments advanced by those wishing to keep Quebec in Canada by developing a softly-worded question that suggested voters could "have their cake and eat it too" - they could be residents of a sovereign Quebec that continued to provide the security that went with being Canadian citizens.
The onward rush toward downsizing in the higher education sector in Canada which is being overseen and demanded by politicians of every stripe -- the Liberals in Ottawa, the Tories in Ontario and Alberta, the Pequistes in Quebec City and so on--is bound to affect the humanities more than the other faculties within the universities, if McGill is any measure.
Remember that forty per cent of Quebeckers identified themselves as "yes" voters even after the April 2003 election in which the Pequistes secured only one-third of the popular vote.
In 1991, this mixed bag of Liberals, Conservatives and social-democratic Pequistes transformed the Bloc into a full-fledged federal party and, in 1993, the Bloc became the Official Opposition in Ottawa.
Par contre, il est plus bilingue que les pequistes (et les bloquistes) le pretendent.
This was a serious problem, because both the Parizeau pequistes and the Harris conservatives were stronger in such outer suburbs than they were in more central municipalities.
Au moment de l'election du president de l'Assemblee, les parlementaires pequistes enclenchent donc un long filibuster.
The wording on the ballot was not the first choice of Quebec premier Jacques Parizeau, whose pequistes, officially the Patti Quebecois or PQ for short, had been elected in 1994 with the promise to offer voters a clear choice within a year.
No one could accuse this collection of trade unionists, community activists, leftwing Pequistes and progressive intellectuals, which won a second term in 1990, of being a tool of developers and speculators.