Per Albin Hansson

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Hansson, Per Albin


Born Oct. 28, 1885, near Malmö; died Oct. 6, 1946, in Stockholm. Swedish state and political figure.

The son of a mason, Hansson helped found the Social Democratic Youth Association of Sweden in 1903; he edited the association’s journal, Fram, from 1905 to 1909. He became a member of the administrative board of the Social Democratic Labor Party of Sweden (SDLPS) in 1908 and a member of the party’s Executive Committee in 1911. Hansson was the editor in chief of Social-Demokraten, the central organ of the SDLPS, from 1917 to 1924 and was the party’s chairman from 1925 to 1946. In 1918 he was elected a deputy to the lower chamber of the Riksdag. Hansson was defense minister in 1920, from 1921 to 1923, and from 1924 to 1926; he was prime minister from 1932 to 1936 and from 1936 to 1946. The SDLPS first led a stable government coalition under Hansson.

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The name referred to the 'people's home' agenda of his predecessor, Per Albin Hansson.
In 1928, Sweden's Prime Minister Per Albin Hansson, described his vision of the future welfare state by saying it would be accomplished by "tearing down social and economic barriers, that separate the privileged from the poor, the rulers from the taxied, the rich from the poor, the owners from the owned, the robbers from the robbed.
The key figure during this period was Per Albin Hansson.
Per Albin Hansson recognised the great danger of this narrative.
In 1921 Per Albin Hansson remarked: 'There is no more patriotic party than [the Social Democrats] since the most patriotic act is to create a land in which all feel at home' (quoted in Hallberg and Jonsson, 1994).
The communitarian and nationalist tones of Per Albin Hansson are an often overlooked piece of the puzzle that is Swedish social democracy (2).
Where Per Albin Hansson was applying the values of the home to the market, the right has been applying the values of the market to everything else - including the home.
When Ed Miliband talks about 'One Nation Britain' he is challenging this and trying to accomplish what Per Albin Hansson did when he introduced 'the people's home'.
Per Albin Hansson governed for that entire period except for a short crisis in the summer of 1936, which he ended by forming a coalition government.