Jacques Marquette

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Related to Pere Marquette: Jacques Marquette, Pere Marquette State Park
Jacques Marquette
BirthplaceLaon, Imperial France

Marquette, Jacques

(zhäk märkĕt`), 1637–75, French missionary and explorer in North America, a Jesuit priest. He was sent to New France in 1666 and studied Native American languages under a missionary at Trois RivièresTrois Rivières
or Three Rivers,
city (1991 pop. 49,426), S Que., Canada, at the confluence of the St. Lawrence and St. Maurice rivers. It is a port and an industrial center.
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. In 1668 he was sent as a missionary to the Ottawa, spent a winter at Sault Ste Marie, and in 1669 reached La Pointe mission on Chequamegon Bay. When fear of the Sioux drove the Ottawa and Huron away from La Pointe, Marquette accompanied them to Mackinac, where he founded a new mission on Point St. Ignace. Contact with the Native Americans of Illinois led Marquette to plan a mission among them, and he became interested in the reports of a great south-running river. Marquette welcomed his appointment by Frontenac, governor of New France, to accompany Louis JollietJolliet or Joliet, Louis
, 1645–1700, French explorer, joint discoverer with Jacques Marquette of the upper Mississippi River, b. Quebec prov., Canada.
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 on an expedition to find the river. They were the first to establish the existence of a water highway from the St. Lawrence to the Gulf of Mexico. On his return from the Mississippi voyage, Marquette stayed at Mackinac for a time, recovering his health and writing a journal of the voyage, which was first published (1681) in Thévenot's Recueil de voyages. In 1674, Marquette set out to establish a mission in the Illinois (state) area, but his health failed him, and he died on the route back to Mackinac, near present-day Ludington, Mich. In 1677, Marquette's body was removed to St. Ignace.


See edition (1900) of his journal in the Jesuit Relations; C. R. Stein, The Story of Marquette and Jolliet (1981).

Marquette, Jacques

(1637–75) Catholic missionary, explorer; born in Laon, France. As a young man and as a Jesuit priest, his hero was St. Francis Xavier. He came to Quebec, Canada (1666), learned Indian languages, and proceeded to do missionary work among the Ottawa and Huron Indians in the Great Lakes region. In 1673, he and Louis Jolliet (French explorer, 1645–1700), searched for and found (June 17, 1673) the waters of the Mississippi River; they were the first white men to follow the course of the river. They went as far as the mouth of the Arkansas River and then returned. Marquette preached among the Illinois Indians (1674–75) until he died prematurely from ailments aggravated by his exertions. His journals remain an invaluable record of the region in these years. Wisconsin placed his statue in the U.S. Capitol.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fire suppression was practiced at Pere Marquette State Park and none of the hill prairies are known to have burned during the forty year period from 1932 until 1972.
The companies that merged into the Pere Marquette system in 1900 received land grants for building the line from Saginaw to Ludington and the line northward from Grand Rapids.
Visitors will have the opportunity to "pilot" the car-ferry Pere Marquette 22 into the 1934 Ludington harbor, "meet" well-known carferry captains through holographic imagery, and explore much more.
The Pere Marquette Rail-Trail will be shut dow between Currie Parkway and the main entrance to Emerson Park.
Favorite spots on Lake Michigan include the Pere Marquette and Man istee rivers in western Michigan.
McClain (1983) documented the loss of sixty-two percent of the area of five hill prairies at Pere Marquette State Park, Jersey County, Illinois.
One story was told of the train crew on the Pere Marquette west of Lansing, Mich.
In later years she wrote In Our Convent Days (1905) several biographies that showed the deep influence of her convent training: The Life of Pere Marquette (1929), Mere Marie of the Ursulines (1931), and Junipero Serro (1933, rev.
The Pere Marquette and C&O were an important part of my childhood.
In time for National Bike Month, Amtrak and the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) are announcing an improvement on the daily Pere Marquette train between Grand Rapids and Chicago, via Holland and St.