Pérez Jiménez, Marcos

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Pérez Jiménez, Marcos

(mär`kōs pā`rās hēmā`nās), 1914–2001, president of Venezuela (1952–58). As an army captain he took part in the coup that installed (1945) the Democratic Action party in power, but he subsequently objected to its leftist reforms and was a member of the three-man junta that overthrew President Rómulo Gallegos in 1948. After one of the junta members was mysteriously killed, he emerged (1952) as self-appointed president. He imposed a corrupt dictatorship marked by virulent anti-Communism and brutal repression, and spent money lavishly on highways and tourist attractions, especially in Caracas. He was ousted by a popular revolt in Jan., 1958. He lived in exile in Miami, Fla., until 1963, when he was extradited to Venezuela on charges of embezzling some $200 million during his presidential tenure. He was imprisoned (1963–68) and after his release lived in exile in Spain.

Pérez Jiménez, Marcos

 

Born Apr. 25, 1914, in Mi-chelena, state of Táchira. Venezuelan state figure.

Pérez Jiménez joined the army in 1934 and served as army chief of staff in 1945 and 1946 and chief of the general staff from 1946 to 1948. He participated in the overthrow of the constitutional governments of I. Medina Angarita (1941–45) and R. Gallegos (1947–48). From 1948 to 1952 he was a member of the military junta and minister of defense. In 1952 and 1953 he was provisional president of Venezuela, and from 1953 to 1958 president. Supported by US oil monopolies, he established a dictatorial regime. In January 1958, Pérez Jiménez was overthrown by a popular uprising and fled to the USA. Venezuelan public opinion forced his extradition to Venezuela, where he was convicted of embezzling government funds. He served a prison term and in 1968 left the country.

References in periodicals archive ?
PEREZ Jimenez, Marcos, Cinco discursos del General Marcos Perez Jimenez, Presidente de la Republica, pronunciados durante el ano 1955 y obras realizadas por el Gobierno.
4) Perez Jimenez, Marcos, "Exposicion de motivos al proyecto de Ley de Presupuesto General de Ingresos y Gastos Publicos para el ano fiscal 1955-1956, presentado por el coronel Marcos Perez Jimenez, Presidente de la Republica, a la Camara del Senado", en Cinco discursos del General Marcos Perez Jimenez, Presidente de la Republica, pronunciados durante el ano 1955 y abras realizadas por el Gobierna.