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see fastingfasting,
partial or temporary abstinence from food, a widely used form of asceticism. Among the stricter Jews the principal fast is the Day of Atonement, or Yom Kippur; in Islam the faithful fast all the daytime hours of the month of Ramadan. Fasting is general in Christianity.
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; temperance movementstemperance movements,
organized efforts to induce people to abstain—partially or completely—from alcoholic beverages. Such movements occurred in ancient times, but ceased until the wide use of distilled liquors in the modern period resulted in increasing drunkenness.
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Chiefly RC Church the practice of refraining from specific kinds of food or drink, esp from meat, as an act of penance
References in periodicals archive ?
From a public health perspective, periodic abstinence is seen as less effective than modern contraceptive methods and concerns have been raised about its contribution to mistimed and unwanted births.
Five women adopted a hormonal method or an IUD before the resumption of sexual intercourse, while three used condoms, and two others practiced periodic abstinence after resuming sex.
5% ever users were still currently using the male condom and the highest response for an alternative method of contraception was observed for periodic abstinence (9.
In this final section I address the classic question of why the practice of periodic abstinence (or periodic continence) (64) is morally good and consistent with chastity (and thus with the full truth about sexuality and marriage), while contraceptive acts are morally evil and opposed to chastity.
Parents are morally obligated to engage in responsible planning for children, with the recognition that periodic abstinence reveals the sacrifice that is always involved in real love.
Periodic abstinence teaches the couple--the man specifically--to learn self-control and to see his wife's fertility as a precious gift.
However, four in 10 users depended on periodic abstinence, withdrawal or other traditional methods, which have high failure rates.
As a result, they may more responsibly use and maximize the effectiveness of periodic abstinence and barrier methods.
The Vatican, of course, remains officially opposed to all family planning methods except "natural family planning," which involves periodic abstinence.
However, in eight developing countries that have this information, between one-third and two-thirds of single, sexually active women are not using any contraceptive method; a further 10-40% are using a traditional method, predominantly periodic abstinence (Chart 2.
The probabilities of conception by cycle day estimated by Barrett and Marshall, whose calculations included data on current users of periodic abstinence who had previously used this method, might also be too low.

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