Peripatetic School

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Peripatetic School


(from Greek peripateo, “I walk about”), the philosophical school of Aristotle. The name arose from Aristotle’s habit of walking about with his students in the Lyceum while lecturing.

In its initial period (fourth to first centuries B.C.), the Peripatetic school was headed first by Theophrastus and then by Strato of Lampsacus. Members of the school included Eudemus of Rhodes, Aristoxenus of Tarentum, and Dicaearchus of Messana.

The Peripatetics of this period were interested predominantly in individual studies, such as logic and botany (Theophrastus) and musical theory (Aristoxenus). Some of Aristotle’s students became naturalists, historians, geographers, and literary theorists and historians.

Andronicus of Rhodes was a distinguished representative of the school’s second period (first century B.C.). In both this period and the one following (first to third centuries A.D.), Aristotle’s works were published, edited, and annotated.

The Peripatetic school influenced the Platonists, Pythagoreans, Stoics, and Neoplatonists.


Wehrli, F. Die Schule des Aristoteles, vols. 1–10. Basel-Stuttgart, 1944–59.


Istoriia filosofii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1940. Pages 258–68.


References in periodicals archive ?
B: The criticism of Ghazali and Peripatetic philosophy system:
Peripatetic philosophy began slowly among Muslims and fertilized by the efforts of Farabi and reached perfection by IbnSina's efforts.
However, as mentioned above, Ghazali's criticisms over the Peripatetic philosophy shouldn't be generally considered as his opposition to the intellect.
Then he wrote the book named "Maghased al-phalasefe" which was considered as a unique source of Peripatetic philosophy; if he had not written the book called "Tehafat alphalsafe", now he would not be considered as one of the thinkers in Peripatetic philosophy like Avicenna and Farabi.
Both philosophers write here in short texts which functioned primarily as commentary on or criticism of contemporary works; as a result, their ideas will be intelligible only to specialists in classics, particularly with experience in Peripatetic philosophy or the Hellenistic era.
It suggests that the two reports can be brought together as elements in a single, though fragmentary picture, and finally that Archestratus can be assigned an interesting though minor role in the history of Peripatetic philosophy and science.
Lohr, among others, views early modern peripatetic philosophy as a coat of many colors.
The basic concern of this book is with the fate of Peripatetic philosophy in Islam.
Yet the author's knowledge of these later developments is inadequate, and at the end of the book he speaks again of the disappearance of Peripatetic philosophy in Islam as an established fact (p.