8F, Box 2, Peripatetics
Club Records, Minnesota Historical Society.
The Stoic answer is stretched on the rack of a distinction between potential and actual cognition, such that it is either said to succumb to the same pitfall as the Peripatetic
solution of a potential intellect, or does not offer any solution at all.
Keywords: Ibn Sina-al-Biruni correspondence; Peripatetic
natural philosophy; Islamic scientific tradition; history of physics; criticism of Aristotelian physics; natural elements; schools of thought in Islamic scientific tradition.
The early Peripatetics
had provided the model for such research in, for example, the zoological studies of Aristotle and the botanical studies of Theophrastus.
God does not need time to create, and hence His creation occurs without time and not over a period of time (bi-la zaman), a point that is stressed by the Baghdad Peripatetics
, and particularly by the author(s) of Jam' and Jawabat.
Ibn Abi Jumhur identifies two main competing systems of thought that aim to explain how divine actions come about: Ash'arite kalam and peripatetic
By allowing change in the category of substance (jawhar), Sadra goes beyond the Aristotelian framework followed by the Peripatetics
and Suhrawardi, turning substance into a 'structure of events' and motion into a 'process of change'.
Consistent with the theories of Plotinus and Proclus but opposed to the Peripatetics
, Paracelsus has a qualitative notion of time in which the individual bears an internal scientia of form and function in consonance with the astra which enables it to direct itself t owards its specific purpose.
Snyder considers eight examples of text-based teaching in the ancient world: (1) Stoics, who focused on reading and exegesis of texts in the classroom; (2) Epicureans, who collected and re-fashioned texts in many ways, as translations, commentaries, and epitomes; (3) Peripatetics
, for whom continuous commentary that followed the original text was the typical method of teaching; and (4) Platonists and Academics, who favored topical teaching, where teachers distilled the texts' wisdom and employed question-and-answer sessions.
In each dialogue, moreover, Cicero is concerned not simply with presenting his own views, but rather with critically evaluating those of the Epicureans, Stoics, and Peripatetics
This branch of learning had Aristotelian roots and was considered by the Peripatetics
as one of the three divisions of "practical philosophy," the other two being ethics and politics.
Barnes considers the ancient quarrel between the Stoics and Peripatetics
such as Alexander of Aphrodisias as to whether logic is a part of philosophy (Stoics) or simply a tool of philosophy (Peripatetics