Peripatetics


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Peripatetics

(pĕr'əpətĕt`ĭks) [Gr.,=walking about; from Aristotle's manner in teaching], the followers of Aristotle. TheophrastusTheophrastus
[Gr.,=divinely speaking], c.372–c.287 B.C., Greek philosopher, Aristotle's successor as head of the Peripatetics. The school flourished under his leadership.
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, friend of Aristotle and cofounder with him of the Peripatetic school of philosophy, succeeded him as its head (323 B.C.) and did much to bring it into favor. Strato of Lampsacus was the next leader of the school. Later Peripatetics were largely occupied in preparing paraphrases, commentaries, and interpretations of the teachings of Aristotle. The first complete edition (c.70 B.C.) in ancient times was arranged by Andronicus of Rhodes. The devotees of the school defended its essential doctrines against the Stoics and others, but some adopted variations, particularly concerning the explanation of nature.
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8F, Box 2, Peripatetics Club Records, Minnesota Historical Society.
The Stoic answer is stretched on the rack of a distinction between potential and actual cognition, such that it is either said to succumb to the same pitfall as the Peripatetic solution of a potential intellect, or does not offer any solution at all.
Keywords: Ibn Sina-al-Biruni correspondence; Peripatetic natural philosophy; Islamic scientific tradition; history of physics; criticism of Aristotelian physics; natural elements; schools of thought in Islamic scientific tradition.
The early Peripatetics had provided the model for such research in, for example, the zoological studies of Aristotle and the botanical studies of Theophrastus.
God does not need time to create, and hence His creation occurs without time and not over a period of time (bi-la zaman), a point that is stressed by the Baghdad Peripatetics, and particularly by the author(s) of Jam' and Jawabat.
Ibn Abi Jumhur identifies two main competing systems of thought that aim to explain how divine actions come about: Ash'arite kalam and peripatetic philosophy (falsafa).
By allowing change in the category of substance (jawhar), Sadra goes beyond the Aristotelian framework followed by the Peripatetics and Suhrawardi, turning substance into a 'structure of events' and motion into a 'process of change'.
Consistent with the theories of Plotinus and Proclus but opposed to the Peripatetics, Paracelsus has a qualitative notion of time in which the individual bears an internal scientia of form and function in consonance with the astra which enables it to direct itself t owards its specific purpose.
Snyder considers eight examples of text-based teaching in the ancient world: (1) Stoics, who focused on reading and exegesis of texts in the classroom; (2) Epicureans, who collected and re-fashioned texts in many ways, as translations, commentaries, and epitomes; (3) Peripatetics, for whom continuous commentary that followed the original text was the typical method of teaching; and (4) Platonists and Academics, who favored topical teaching, where teachers distilled the texts' wisdom and employed question-and-answer sessions.
In each dialogue, moreover, Cicero is concerned not simply with presenting his own views, but rather with critically evaluating those of the Epicureans, Stoics, and Peripatetics.
This branch of learning had Aristotelian roots and was considered by the Peripatetics as one of the three divisions of "practical philosophy," the other two being ethics and politics.
Barnes considers the ancient quarrel between the Stoics and Peripatetics such as Alexander of Aphrodisias as to whether logic is a part of philosophy (Stoics) or simply a tool of philosophy (Peripatetics).