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(plural, peripli), an ancient Greek literary genre presenting an account of a coastal sea voyage. Peripli are usually divided into two types: travel descriptions and manuals for the use of navigators.

Among peripli of the first group are the periplus about a voyage along the western coast of Africa compiled by the Carthaginian Hanno (seventh-sixth centuries B.C.) and a nonextant periplus (second half of sixth century B.C.) used by Avienus (fourth century A.D.) in his description of the coasts of Spain, Britain, and Gaul. A description of a journey from the Indus River to the Euphrates written by the naval commander Near chus dates from the fourth century B.C.; it was used by Strabo (first century B.C.-first century A.D.) and Arrian (second century A.D.). The works of these two authors also attest to the existence of a Black Sea periplus and of a route to the Atlantic.

The second type of periplus described special features and dangers of a particular route, locations of convenient harbors, and distances between points. The earliest known periplus of this type, dating from approximately the mid-fourth century B.C., is ascribed to the Greek explorer Scylax (Pseudo-Scylax). It describes the coasts of the Mediterranean and Black seas. Another example is the Red Sea periplus, compiled circa 110 B.C.; fragments of it are found in works by Diodorus Siculus (first century B.C.) and Photius (ninth century A.D.). Also belonging to this type of periplus is a detailed description of a voyage from Egypt to India compiled in the first century A.D. Most peripli have not been preserved.


Müller, C. Geographi Graeci Minores, vol. 2. Paris, 1861.
Müller, C. Fragmenta historicorum graecorum, vol. 1. Paris, 1841.
References in periodicals archive ?
The English referred to Bharuch as Broach; the port was called Barygaza in the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea.
Shoff's (1912) Periplus of the Erythrean Sea (London 1980, New York 1912).
As for our barbarians, we can now return to them after this theoretical constructivist periplus.
We know, from the Periplus, how via sea commerce "a variety of items coming from all over were available at modern Bharuch in Gujarat: precious stones, textiles and spices from the India world, Mediterranean wine, imported metals and sulfides, coral and peridot, raw glass, fancy garments, and Roman coins" (p.
E certamente significativo che il Periplus Maris Erytraei faccia menzione di due soli porti sulla costa egiziana, attivi all'epoca: uno e, appunto, Myos Hormos, e l'altro Berenice (13).
The Greek text Periplus of the Erythraen Sea, also from the 1st century, documents the well established ties with India, located across the Arabian Sea.
2010) The Early Dhow Culture in the Indian Ocean:from the Periplus to the Portuguese.
Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd, University of Oxford Press
Sheard, R 2005, The stadium: architecture for the global culture, Periplus Editions, London.
A geo-rhetorical criterion, for example, informs the juxtaposition in the first of the Malebolge cantos (Inferno 18) between Jason's Aegean and the "salse" of Venedico's Bologna, (13) a contrast that foreshadows the one between Ulysses' heroic Mediterranean periplus in Inferno 26 and the domestic Italian chorography of the Romagna evoked in the Guido da Montefeltro episode of Inferno 27.