albinism

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albinism

[′al·bə‚niz·əm]
(biology)
The state of having colorless chromatophores, which results in the absence of pigmentation in animals that are normally pigmented.
(medicine)
A hereditary, metabolic disorder transmitted as an autosomal recessive and characterized by the inability to form melanin in the skin, hair, and eyes due to tyrosinase deficiency.
References in periodicals archive ?
69) It noted that attacks against persons with albinism were often committed with impunity.
Urges States to take all measures necessary to ensure the effective protection of persons with albinism, and their family members;
Calls upon States to ensure accountability through the conduct of impartial, speedy and effective investigations into attacks against persons with albinism falling within their jurisdiction, and to bring those responsible to justice, and to ensure that victims and family members have access to appropriate remedies:
Also calls upon States to take effective measures to eliminate any type of discrimination against persons with albinism, and to accelerate education and public awareness-raising activities;
Requests the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner of Human Rights to submit a preliminary report on attacks and discrimination against persons with albinism to the Human Rights Council at its twenty-fourth session;
It noted that persons with albinism suffered from significant discrimination and that this was a global phenomenon: "[P]ersons with albinism have difficulties getting the health care they require and accessing education, employment, legal protection and redress.
It again called upon states "to ensure accountability" and "bring to justice" those responsible for attacks on persons with albinism and to "ensure that victims and family members have access to appropriate remedies[.
Recognizing the importance of highlighting the situation facing persons with albinism, Resolution 26/10 recommended that the U.
On July 30, 2014, the Human Rights Council Advisory Committee issued its preliminary study on the human rights situation of persons with albinism.
The Advisory Committee noted that discrimination against persons with albinism exists throughout the world although the severity of discrimination varies by region.
Persons with albinism face more severe forms of discrimination and violence in those regions where the majority of the general population are relatively dark-skinned.
It is not going to be easy to come up with specific measures for all the issues arising out of the problems faced by persons with albinism, but the best practices of some States and civil society to date will represent a key step forward in promoting and protecting their human rights, the expert stressed.

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