Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from Pervez Musharaf)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted (2016) in a case involving the 2006 killing of a Baluch rebel leader, and declared (2017) a fugitive in the Bhutto case. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
The consumer financing was started in Pakistan during the General Pervez Musharaf regime and was at its peak in 2004-05 when inflation was in single digit and the banking sector was flourishing.
Two years later, in 1999, former president Pervez Musharaf came into power.
Although the supporters of both the PPP and former military ruler Gen (retired) Pervez Musharaf claim credit for conceiving the project that would serve as the main land route between China and Pakistan in future trade under the CPEC, the ousted prime minister Nawaz Sharif materialised the project.
He also slammed former president Pervez Musharaf and ex-CM Pervaiz Elahi for what he called attempting to loot public treasure.
As also previously mentioned in an article by this scribe, much criticized, condemned and politicized Kalabagh dam was being mentioned in the official documents as half-hearted attempts were being made every now and then by military rulers General Muhammad Ziaul Haq and General Pervez Musharaf but these were somehow not taken to logical conclusion due to lack of national consensus as this is being constantly opposed by three provinces of Sindh, Khyber Pukhtoonkhwah and Balochistan without appreciating the ground realities and its technical aspects and benefits.
Two years later, in 1999, former president Pervez Musharaf came to power and then prime minister Nawaz Sharif was removed.
The way General Pervez Musharaf had come out in support of Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammed and Jama'at-ud-Da'wah that are dubbed by the United Nations Security Agency as international terrorist organisations reveals everything.
Meanwhile district office for the All Pakistan Muslim League (APML) led by former General Pervez Musharaf was inaugurated at Kambat Samar Bagh here on Sunday.
CBK and those who are hell bent on exacting revenge should also give a thought to what General Pervez Musharaf, former President of Pakistan, has written in his Memoir- Line of Fire- on page 293.
Former President Pervez Musharaf has been one of the most ardent supporters of a constitutional role for the military.
After the Pakistani military overthrew the civilian government and started a round of military coups, American policymakers quickly forgot their repugnance of military dictatorship and sang the praises of Generals Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan, Zia ulHaq and Pervez Musharaf.
Lequel marque son grand retour, quatorze annees apres avoir ete depose a la suite d'un coup d'Etat fomente par l'ancien president Pervez Musharaf, en residence surveillee.