Pervez Musharraf

(redirected from Pervez Musharaf)

Musharraf, Pervez

(pĕrvās` mo͞oshär`rŭf), 1943–, Pakistani army officer, president of Pakistan (2001–), b. Delhi. After the partition of British India, his family resettled in Karachi, Pakistan; he spent (1949–56) some of his childhood in Turkey, where his father was posted as a diplomat. He entered the Pakistan Military Academy in 1961 and became (1964) an artillery officer, rising through the ranks to major general (1991), lieutenant general (1995), and general and chief of army staff (1998). In 1999 he became chairman of the joint chiefs of staff committee.

In Oct., 1999, Prime Minister Nawaz SharifSharif, Nawaz
, 1949–, Pakistani politician; grad. Government College, Lahore; Punjab Univ. Law College. Born into a prominent Lahore business family, he was by 1980 director of one of Pakistan's largest industrial conglomerates.
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 attempted to remove Musharraf by refusing his returning flight landing rights in Pakistan. The move led to a coup by Musharraf, who became chief executive; he appointed himself president 20 months later. A controversial referendum in 2002 extended his rule for five years. Musharraf was reelected in 2007, but his right to run while still army chief was challenged; before the supreme court could rule, he suspended the constitution, declared emergency rule, and dismissed the court members who seemed likely to rule against him. After the challenges were dismissed, he resigned (Nov., 2007) as army chief.

The subsequent election victory (Feb., 2008) by opposition parties and the establishment of an opposition coalition government undermined his position, and after the coalition, at the instigation of Sharif, moved to impeach him, he resigned from office (Aug., 2008). A declared supporter of a democratic, nonfundamentalist Islamic Pakistan and a supporter as well of the U.S. war on terror, Musharraf twice was the target of assassination attempts while president. After resigning, he went into self-imposed exile in 2009 and did not return to Pakistan until 2013; he was then disqualified from running for office. He subsequently was charged with treason and in connection with Benazir BhuttoBhutto, Benazir
, 1953–2007, prime minister of Pakistan (1988–90; 1993–96), daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Educated at Radcliffe and Oxford, she returned to Pakistan shortly before her father was overthrown by General Zia ul-Haq in 1977.
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's assassination and other deaths and actions; he was acquitted in one case in 2016. He left Pakistan in 2016, alledgedly for medical treatment, after his travel restrictions were lifted.

Bibliography

See his memoirs (2006).

References in periodicals archive ?
Why Asif Ali Zardari and Pervez Musharaf during their tenure did not work to produce electricity and solve other problems of the people, Saad asked.
The GQM chief appealed to the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharief and President Mamnoon Hussain to exercise their powers and release the former president Pervez Musharaf so that the later could organize his party.
He said both Imran and Qadri, who had supported military dictator Pervez Musharaf and his referendum, were now again trying to undermine democratic system.
After the Pakistani military overthrew the civilian government and started a round of military coups, American policymakers quickly forgot their repugnance of military dictatorship and sang the praises of Generals Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan, Zia ulHaq and Pervez Musharaf.
Lequel marque son grand retour, quatorze annees apres avoir ete depose a la suite d'un coup d'Etat fomente par l'ancien president Pervez Musharaf, en residence surveillee.
Pervez Musharaf as well as accepted exile after a deal with Gen.
Former military dictator and president, Pervez Musharaf, has launched a political party and would like to return to power, although he may face serious legal problems if he moves to Pakistan.
Kargil war took place during the period of Pervez Musharaf who later became president of Pakistan and visited India.
London, Jan 20 ( ANI ): Former Pakistan President Pervez Musharaf has said he would consult with members of his party before deciding whether to delay his return from exile later this month.
She was killed four years ago in a bomb blast and firing incident during the tenure of military ruler General Pervez Musharaf.
When General Pervez Musharaf seized power in a military coup in 1999, President Bill Clinton's administration decried this reversal of democracy in Pakistan and actively supported the opposition.
He said, "It was dictator Pervez Musharaf who saluted even on the phone call of US foreign minister and obeyed all his orders.