Peshwa


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Peshwa

 

(also peishwa), the chief minister of the Maratha state (India) during the rule of Sivaji (17th century) and his successors. The position was hereditary from the time of Balaji Visvanath, a peshwa who became the de facto ruler of the state in the 18th century. The successors of Balaji Visvanath ruled Maharashtra and were considered the sovereigns of the confederation of Maratha principalities until the final occupation of Maratha lands by the British colonizers in 1818.

References in periodicals archive ?
Every January 1, Dalits they are beyond the pale of the Hindu caste structure gather at Bhima Koregaon to commemorate their victory over the Peshwa rulers two centuries ago.
The Battle of Koregaon was fought on January 1, 1818 between the British East India Company and the Peshwa faction of the Maratha Confederacy at Koregaon Bhima.
The disturbances erupted in the village of Koregaon-Bhima on January 1 during the 200th anniversary celebrations of the Anglo-Maratha War between the army of Peshwa Bajirao II with a small force of the East India Company that comprised a large number of Dalits.
Inamdar, the film narrates the story of the Maratha Peshwa Bajirao (1700-1740 AD) and his Muslim wife Mastani.
The 29- year- old actress, who essays the role of Mastani u the second wife of Maratha warrior, Peshwa Baji Rao I u looked radiant.
Bajirao Mastani" is based on the love story of the Maratha general Peshwa Bajirao and his Muslim-origin wife Mastani, who faced the wrath of the society on their inter-religion marriage, which is said to have led to a crisis within the royal family.
All opportunity to deal with these 'wily scoundrels', as the East India Company thought them, arose in October 1802 when a rebellion forced the Peshwa of Poona to flee his capital.
He does so by highlighting the administrative measures by which the Marathas involved themselves in many facets of the life of the people they conquered as well as the development of that special position, the peshwa (prime minister).
So too, the implication that the Peshwa Daftar archives were restricted by the colonial power in order to promote a view of Marathas as marauders is, if true, at best secondary to the more pragmatic effort to hinder use or abuse of the documentary horde for perpetuation of law suits over land and rights in the colonial Deccan.
Even royal authority had, at times, to succumb to such necessity; in a collection of political maxims prepared for the twelve-year-old peshwa in 1783 we find this advice: "punish according to the offence: but if an eminent householder long in the service of the state has interceded, then pardon.
Born about 1821, he was adopted by the last Maratha peshwa (chief minister) Baji Rao II (1827), and became Baji Rao's heir (1841); when Baji Rao died in 1851, Nana inherited his private property in the Bithur region (near Kanpur) and was granted Baji Rao's jagir (revenues of a district), but despite repeated entreaties to the British and the adoptive father's deathbed request, Nana was refused an extension of Baji Rao's life pension; disgruntled by this, and perhaps aware of British difficulties in the Crimean War, he hastened to Cawnpore at the outbreak of the mutiny and tossed in his lot with rebellious sepoys (June 5, 1857); he apparently led troops at the siege of Cawnpore, and although Nana may not have exercised effective command when the safe-conduct truce was broken and Gen.
Peshwa will lead the continued development of the company's portfolio of neural regenerative technologies.