Petén

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Petén

(pātān`), region, c.15,000 sq mi (38,850 sq km), N Guatemala. A humid expanse of dense, tropical hardwood forests interrupted by savannas and crisscrossed by ranges of hills, it is related geographically to SE Mexico and Belize rather than to the rest of Guatemala. The Usumacinta River system drains most of the region. Rainfall is very heavy. There are large, permanent lakes, notably Lake Petén Itzá. The region is relatively inaccessible and has been only partly developed. It produces lumber, chicle, and some rubber and cacao. The sparse population is mostly Native American. Flores is the chief town.

Once Petén was a center of the Old Empire of the MayaMaya
, indigenous people of S Mexico and Central America, occupying an area comprising the Yucatán peninsula and much of the present state of Chiapas in Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, parts of El Salvador, and extreme western Honduras.
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 and had a dense agricultural population. It is noted chiefly today as the scene of large-scale excavations of great archaeological ruins, notably TikalTikal
, ruined city of the Classic Period of the Maya, N central Petén, Guatemala. The largest and possibly the oldest of the Maya cities, Tikal consists of nine groups of courts and plazas built on hilly land above surrounding swamps (which may have been lakes in former
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 and Uaxactún. Although the Spanish nominally conquered the area and Cortés passed through it on his march to Honduras (1524–25), efforts at subjugation were sporadic until the Itzá tribe was driven out (1697) from their stronghold at Lake Petén Itzá.

References in periodicals archive ?
Chayax HR, Tzul CF, Gomez CC, Gretzinger SP (1999) La Reserva Bio-itza: Historia de un esfuerzo Conservacionista indigena de la comunidad maya itza de San Jose, Peten, Guatemala.
El Lago Peten Itza forma parte de la Reserva de la Biosfera Maya, se encuentra ubicado en el departamento de Peten al norte de Guatemala, Centro America (16[grados]54'00" N-89[grados]41'41" W).
But the patchwork quilt of land-use rules had enraged the agriculturalists from the western Peten, many of whom had no legal land tenure.
He leaves for a volunteer trip to Guatemala with Pescatore's phone number in hand, but due to Villella's tight schedule and the extreme difficulty of patching a call through to remote Peten from the single phone in the highland village where Villella is seeing patients, it isn't until the next to last day of the trip that the two actually connect.
En el mismo mes, fueron asesinados un tecnico del Instituto Nacional de Bosques (Inab) asi como un soldado en un area de la Reserva de la Biosfera Maya, tambien en El Peten.
21, are being offered Mondays and Fridays at a promotional fare of $275 round-trip by the airline, which also flies from Guatemala City to Peten (in northern Guatemala) and to the Mexican resort of Cancun.
Si se piensa, por ejemplo, en Guatemala, la persona que nacio en esa nacion dice de inmediato que "es un pais fundamentalmente montanoso salvo al norte, en el departamento de El Peten, donde se encuentra una zona baja y selvatica.
In this volume, the author meticulously examines the rise and fall of the Itza Maya and their state, located in the Peten region of Northern Guatemala.
Smoke forced the closing of Guatemala City's airport, and fires raged over thousands of acres in the northern Peten region, just 20 miles from the famous Tikal.
Los mayas, que lo utilizaban para limpiarse los dientes, obtenian la goma del chicozapote (Manilkara zapota), el arbol mas abundante en la selva del Gran Peten, que comprende la peninsula de Yucatan, Belice y el norte de Guatemala: en ciertas areas es posible encontrar hasta 30 de estos grandes arboles (de mas de un metro de diametro y 40 de altura) por hectarea.
There, a bus met us for about an hour ride to Tikal in the remote northern Peten lowlands.
The ancient Maya of northern Guatemala called their island capital in Lake Peten Itza "El Peten," or the big island.