Peter Canisius

Canisius, Peter


(Pieter de Hondt). Born May 8, 1521, in Nijmegen, Holland; died Dec. 21, 1597, in Freiburg, Switzerland. Catholic theologian with whose name is linked the beginning of the Jesuit order in Germany and the implementation of the Counter-Reformation.

Canisius entered the Jesuit order in 1543 in Mainz. In 1549 he settled down at the University of Ingolstadt; in 1552 he was in Vienna. In 1556 he was placed at the head of the Jesuit order in the German Province. He founded many Jesuit colleges and compiled three catechisms—the Summa Doctrinae Christianae (1555), a short catechism (1556), and Catechismus Minor seuparvus Catechismus Catholicorum (1558).

References in periodicals archive ?
After a biographical account of St Peter Canisius and the writing of his catechisms, the influenee of the Summa is analyzed, its text having become the semiofficial catechism of the Jesuit Company and its study having been declared compulsory in a greater part of the catholic world.
Keywords: Catechisms, Saint Peter Canisius, Saint John of Avila.
Yet grief, promised Peter Canisius, would finally turn into joy, as preachers never failed to console their listeners by impressing on them Jesus' deepest love for them.
One year earlier, Peter Canisius, one of the most energetic members of the early Society of Jesus, published his first catechism, the Summa doctrinae christianae, and his career and reputation as a leading Catholic catechist in the early modern period was born.
Peter Canisius mission station, which covers Lor Senowo, initiated the program.
Following a highly publicized exorcism conducted on a retainer of the Fugger family by the Jesuit theologian Peter Canisius at the Bavarian Marian shrine of Altotting, Marian devotion assumed a greatly heightened importance at the Wittelsbach court, particularly during the reign of Duke Wilhelm V and his wife, Renee of Lorraine.
From the perspective of a Reformation historian, the glances that Collins casts at the post-1520 hagiographical world are tantalizing--a full and equally nuanced account of the hagiographical works of Peter Canisius, Laurentius Surius, and others would be most welcome.
Peter Canisius, Emond Auger, and other well-known personalities feature prominently.
Saint Peter Canisius (1521-1597), Dutch Jesuit, catechist, important figure in Counter-Reformation in Germany [1925].
Lawrence of Brindisi is the best known--the Jesuits Peter Canisius and Robert Bellarmine, and Frangois de Sales.
The 400th anniversary in 1997 of the death of the Dutch Jesuit Peter Canisius sparked off a surprising number of celebrations, meetings, and publications, especially in his native city Nijmegen in the Netherlands and in the countries of Central Europe where he was active for many years as writer, administrator, and Catholic reformer.
Saint Peter Canisius argued that Mary was more than a martyr because she "suffered in that part [the soul] which is held to be impassible" and "because she suffered spiritually and horribly from the sword of compassion for Christ.