Peter Lombard

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Lombard, Peter:

see Peter LombardPeter Lombard,
Lat. Petrus Lombardus, c.1100–c.1160, Italian theologian, often called Magister Sententiarum. He studied at Bologna, Reims, and Paris, where he is said to have been a student of Abelard.
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Peter Lombard,

Lat. Petrus Lombardus, c.1100–c.1160, Italian theologian, often called Magister Sententiarum. He studied at Bologna, Reims, and Paris, where he is said to have been a student of Abelard. He acquired some fame as a teacher and was given high offices, serving for a time as archbishop of Paris. His Sentences, one of the most celebrated of all theological works, is a compilation of opinions of earlier theologians, often in conflict and not always reconciled. It was particularly important because its doctrine on sacraments (that a sacramentsacrament
[Lat.,=something holy], an outward sign of something sacred. In Christianity, a sacrament is commonly defined as having been instituted by Jesus and consisting of a visible sign of invisible grace. Christianity is divided as to the number and operation of sacraments.
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 is both a symbol and a means of grace and that seven fulfill the required conditions) was adopted as the official doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church at the Council of Trent (see Trent, Council ofTrent, Council of,
1545–47, 1551–52, 1562–63, 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, convoked to meet the crisis of the Protestant Reformation.
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). By the 13th cent., the Sentences had become the principal theological text in the universities, and many of the greatest scholastics wrote commentaries on it.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stainland, on a good batting wicket, scored a respectable total 156-5 from their 15 (8 ball) overs, with Peter Lombard top scoring with 63.
Peter Lombard in the twelfth century distinguished three accounts of Christ's unity: first, that the Word assumed not only a human nature but also a human being; second, that the two natures were united in the substance of one Word; and third, that the Word was clothed with a human soul and flesh.
Yet one has to wonder whether the parallel with polyphony is not so much in disputation, as in the weaving together (or deliberate contrasting) of different theological perspectives within the genre of scholastic commentaries on a set text, like the Sentences of Peter Lombard.
Successive chapters treat Augustine, Boethius, Abelard, Gilbert of Poitiers, Peter Lombard, Bonaventure, Albert, Thomas Aquinas, Scotus, and Ockham, but only after reminding us of the need for precision in the use of prepositions (and the rules of operahon for logical sequencing that these undergird) as well as the formal definitions implied by the interplay of such terms as "universals," "accidents," "substances," and "individuals.
By the end of the century the "consentist" position had won the debate, largely because its architect, the prominent Parisian theologian Peter Lombard, had written a textbook that became the theology text for the next 400 years.
The articles focus first on the intellectual traditions of the twelfth century, many touching on Colish's magisterial work on Peter Lombard.
Oddly, many Gibraltarians are not actually British at all by heritage - our tour guide, who drove us up the rock and down again, is called Peter Lombard.
Tony Taylor, Jo McConnell, Paul Farrow Left, Jayshree Patel, Irwin Mitchell; guest speaker Ian O'Donnell, Real Point; Philippa Lloyd-Harris, Willmott Dixon, vice-chair Birmingham Business Breakfast Club; Anthony Taylor, chairman Birmingham Business Breakfast Club Geoff Barlow, Phil Elms, Rob Legge, Neil Calcut Ruth McGranaghen, Malvern Parker, Peter Lombard, Lyn Whitehead Rob Muir, Heather Forrester, Colin Barrett
In the Summa de matrimonio, he analyzed the two competing marriage-formation theories: the consummation model of Gratian and Rufinus and the consensual model of Peter Lombard, criticizing both on several grounds.
In the mind of B we have here two commentaries on Peter Lombard by Thomas Aquinas.
After a brief introduction relating Pasquier's Pourparler du Prince to the medieval disputatio, Perigot's part 1 tackles the latter's definition, difference from lectio, origins, essential link to dialectic, and use by a number of medieval writers including Anselm, Abelard, Peter Lombard, Albertus Magnus, Saint Thomas (who rates a chapter to himself), and the Terminists.
Of interest to anyone concerned with what monks were reading in the middle of the thirteenth century is the list of these books, which includes several books from the Old and New Testaments, biblical commentaries, and works by Augustine, Peter Lombard, Alexander of Hales, William of Auxerre, among others.