Peter Ramus

Ramus, Peter

 

(in French, Pierre de la Ramée; in Latin, Petrus Ramus). Born 1515 in Cuts, Vermandois; died Aug. 26, 1572, in Paris. French humanist, philosopher, and logician.

Ramus received his education at the University of Paris, where he later taught. In 1544 he was dismissed from his teaching post for fighting against scholasticism, but in 1551 he was made a professor at the Collège de France. Ramus adopted Calvinism in 1561 and was forced to flee France in 1568. He lectured in Heidelberg and later returned to Paris. He was killed on the third day of the Massacre of St. Bartholomew.

In his master’s thesis, entitled Whatever Aristotle Has Said Is a Fabrication (1536), and in subsequent works, Ramus sharply criticized scholastic Aristotelianism. In his own philosophy, he maintained that reason must take priority over authority. To scholasticism, with its abstract speculations, he counterposed the idea of a logically based and practically oriented method, which he called the art of invention. According to Ramus, such a method should be created by means of the “new” logic, which was called upon to study the “natural process of thinking.” Influenced by the ideas of Cicero, Ramus called for a closer relationship between logic and rhetoric.

The teachings of Ramus were very influential in a number of countries during the 16th and 17th centuries. His views influenced G. W. von Leibniz and Port-Royal logic.

WORKS

Dialecticae institutiones. Paris, 1543.
Aristotelicae animadversiones. Paris, 1543.
Dialectique. Paris, 1555.

REFERENCES

Istorila filosofi, vol. 2. Moscow, 1941. Pages 37–38.
L’vov, S. “Zhizn’ i smert’ Petra Ramusa: Istoricheskii ocherk.” Novyi mir, 1967, no. 9.
Desmaze, C. P. Ramus: Sa Vie, ses écrits, sa mort. Paris, 1864.
Hooykaas, R. Humanisme, science et ré forme: Pierre de la Ramée. Leiden, 1958.
Ong, W. J. Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue. Cambridge, Mass., 1958.

G. G. MAIOROV

References in periodicals archive ?
In preparation, Ong traveled throughout Western Europe to inventory library holdings of the writings of Peter Ramus and his colleague, Omer Talon.
It covers witchcraft and magic, the printing press, humanism, Leonardo da Vinci, Martin Luther, the birth of modern medicine, the reform of anatomy and physiology, educational reform and Peter Ramus, Nicolaus Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galilei, Francis Bacon, experimental philosophy in the seventeenth century, and Isaac Newton.
After this survey, Mack turns to one of the most influential, and controversial, figures in the history of rhetoric: Peter Ramus.
Jan Rohl's helpful overview of developments in the use of Aristotelian method in Protestant theology from Melanchthon to Zabarella sketches--without benefit of reference to some recent discussions of the topic--how the former's thinking engaged the Stagyrite and was in turn put to use by Reformed theologians as they confronted the challenge of Peter Ramus and formed their own method of practicing theology.
Dyrness examines the diagrammatic charts produced by the rhetorician Peter Ramus and English Calvinist academics who were influenced by his work.
His scholarly fame rests chiefly upon his work on Peter Ramus, the 16th-century French philosopher and logician.
In developing this account, McLuhan became familiar with the work of the sixteenth-century French logician and educational reformer Peter Ramus, whose works were widely known in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, mostly in Protestant circles and especially in Puritan circles.
To do this, McLuhan had to deepen his knowledge of the verbal arts at the time of those controversies, a task that led him to learn more about the contemporaneous French logician and educational reformer Peter Ramus.
He contends that Edwards himself developed a viable alternative to the classical-modern philosophical outlook by drawing explicitly upon the pre-modernist Renaissance propositional logic of Peter Ramus.
Furthermore, he wrote his massively researched doctoral dissertation about a Protestant martyr, the French logician and educational reformer Peter Ramus (1515-1572).
A fuller institution of the Art of Logic, arranged after the Method of Peter Ramus is a lesser known work by Milton, but Arnold (English, U.
In a contentious century the educational and religious reformer Peter Ramus (1515-72) was by no means less controversial than his many contentious contemporaries, and historians of this period have found it difficult to be balanced and dispassionate in treating his career and program.