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(pĕtyĭrgôf`), formerly (1944–97)


(pyĕ'trədvəryĕts`), town, NW European Russia, on Neva Bay of the Gulf of Finland. Administratively part of Saint PetersburgSaint Petersburg,
formerly Leningrad,
Rus. Sankt-Peterburg, city (1990 est. pop. 5,036,000), capital of the Leningrad region (although not administratively part of it) and the administrative center of the Northwestern federal district, NW European Russia, at
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, Peterhof is a port, a rail terminus, and a resort center. The city grew up around the palaces and gardens built for Peter IPeter I
or Peter the Great,
1672–1725, czar of Russia (1682–1725), major figure in the development of imperial Russia. Early Life

Peter was the youngest child of Czar Alexis, by Alexis's second wife, Natalya Naryshkin.
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, who founded it in 1711. Peterhof, which became the most lavish of the czar's summer residences, contained several palaces surrounded by vast parks that rivaled Versailles and were famous for their fountains and cascades. Under the Soviet government, the palaces were converted to museums. Largely destroyed during World War II (when the town's name was russified), Peterhof has since been restored. When the original name was restored (1997), Strelna, the site of the Constantine Palace, was separated from Peterhof. A campus of Saint Petersburg State Univ. is in Peterhof.
References in classic literature ?
That same August the Emperor was thrown from his caleche, injured his leg, and remained three weeks at Peterhof, receiving Speranski every day and no one else.
Vronsky had as a fact promised to call at Bryansky's, some eight miles from Peterhof, and to bring him some money owing for some horses; and he hoped to have time to get that in too.
The pianist was also the organiser and the artistic director of 13 musical events in Russia, including the Anton Rubinstein Festival in Peterhof.
The three-time champion jockey, sidelined since he suffered a neck injury in a stalls incident at Newmarket's July meeting, could not mark his comeback with a win on the Sir Michael Stoute-trained Peterhof in a 1m4f handicap, but he confirmed he was ready for a full-time resumption with a third-placed finish.
RYAN Moore finished third aboard Peterhof as the leading light of the weighing room returned to action at Newmarket.
However, Moore, who rode out in Newmarket on Wednesday morning, made his comeback on the Sir Michael Stoutetrained Peterhof, who finished third in the Arkle Finance Handicap.
Ryan Moore on board Peterhof as he <Bmakes his return from injury
Besides business program, the participants took part in the informal events of the conference: they went on a sightseeing tour to Peterhof on a high-speed boat, saw cascades of famous fountains.
Peterhof was another who held Classic aspirations which came to nothing but he can hit the target in the Harwoods Group Stakes.
Sayyid Haitham bin Tariq al- Said, Minister of Heritage and Culture and the accompanying delegation yesterday has made a visit to the Peterhof Palaces Complex, a World Heritage Site according to the (UNESCO).
Two days in the city would give ample time to tick off the sightseeing essentials of the Hermitage Museum, the baroque splendour of the Catherine Palace at Tsarskoye Selo and the playful fountains in the grounds of Peterhof Palace.