Petr Grigorevich Melikishvili
Melikishvili, Petr Grigor’evich
(also P. G. Melikov). Born June 29 (July 11), 1850, in Tbilisi; died there Mar. 23, 1927. Soviet chemist. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1927).
In 1872, Melikishvili graduated from the University of Novorossiia in Odessa, and from 1885 to 1917 he worked as a professor there. He was one of the organizers and the first rector of the University of Tbilisi, which was founded in 1918.
Between 1873 and 1891, Melikishvili discovered and studied a new class of organic compounds—the glycidic acids. In the period from 1897 to 1913, together with L. V. Pisarzhevskii, he synthesized the peracids of the elements U, Nb, Ta, W, Mo, B, Ti, and V and first obtained ammonium peroxide and sodium perborate. He also proposed a number of new analytical methods.