pewter

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pewter,

any of a number of ductile, silver-white alloys consisting principally of tin. The properties vary with the percentage of tin and the nature of the added materials. Lead, when added, imparts a bluish tinge and increased malleability and tends to escape from the alloy in poisonous quantities if the percentage used is too large; antimony adds whiteness and hardness. Other metals including copper, bismuth, and zinc can also be added. Pewter is shaped by casting, hammering, or lathe spinning on a mold and is usually simply ornamented with rims, moldings, or engraving, although some Continental display ware, especially of the Renaissance period in France and Germany, shows intricate ornamentation. Pewter was early used in East Asia, and Roman pieces are extant. England was a pewter center from the Middle Ages; pewter was the chief tableware until it was superseded by china. America imported much English pewter in colonial times and from c.1700 made large quantities. The craft had virtually disappeared by 1850 but was revived in the 20th cent. in reproductions and in pieces of modern design. The collection and study of pewter are increasingly popular, although relatively little old pewter has been preserved because of its small intrinsic value and of the ease with which it may be melted and reused. Pieces made of britannia metalbritannia metal,
silvery-white alloy of tin with antimony, copper, and sometimes bismuth and zinc. It is very similar in appearance to pewter, but is harder. It is used widely for the manufacture of tableware.
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 are similar in appearance to pewter ware.

Bibliography

See L. L. Laughlin, Pewter in America (1969); and H. J. Kauffman, The American Pewterer (1970); C. F. Montgomery, A History of American Pewter (1973).

pewter

[′pyüd·ər]
(metallurgy)
An alloy that typically contained tin as the principal component and some antimony and copper; older produced pewter typically contains lead along with the other components.

pewter

1. 
a. any of various alloys containing tin (80--90 per cent), lead (10--20 per cent), and sometimes small amounts of other metals, such as copper and antimony
b. (as modifier): pewter ware
2. 
a. a bluish-grey colour
b. (as adjective): pewter tights
References in periodicals archive ?
Dating from 1717 its inscriptions translate as "This is the loving cup of the Most Worshipful Company of Pewterers, 24 June 1717" and "Drink and be Merry so that we are all friends together".
It can then be rolled into thin sheets and shaped, as the pewterers did in Birmingham and Sheffield, or cast in moulds as happened in Bewdley.
If the glaziers, plumbers, pewterers and painters merit a plaque on the wall, you'd think some of the greatest poets of the 20th Century would be deserving of similar.
Delighted Shakespeare Birthplace Trust director Roger Pringle said: "The Worshipful Company of Pewterers has been most supportive of our work with the Nelsh Collection.
Today, Danforth Pewterers handcraft pewter jewelry, giftware and accessories.
Her stand will also offer a range of antique metal ware including Georgian and Victorian pewter mugs, measures, plates, chargers and other examples of the lost art of the old pewterers.
Mr Williams, who is a Freeman of the Worshipful Company of Pewterers, said: 'I have heard the sculptor took a replica back to the people who created the original bull and they were so disgusted they threw it into the furnace.
In 1474 King Edward issued a royal charter for the legal control of manufacturing pewter, which established the Worshipful company of Pewterers
Alex's collection will be complemented each year by temporary displays, beginning with the exhibition of Millennium Pewter from the Worshipful Company of Pewterers.
The house is reached down the old Pewterers Alley or by a footpath from the town's picturesque bridge, just a few yards west of the property.
Holly Yeats, aged 19, from Pewterers Alley, Bewdley, has tracked Mayall's television career in The Young Ones, Alan B'Stard and Bottom.