17) See Ferrari's account of Phaedrus
as impresario, especially 1-34.
Should we then reject it, Phaedrus
, The wisdom poets crave, Seeking only form and pure detachment, Simplicity and discipline?
The friends, who include Aristophanes, Phaedrus
and Socrates, decide that since they drank too much the previous night, on this occasion they shall pour out the wine only for refreshment, not for inebriation.
Dating the dramas of the Republic, Phaedrus
, Protagoras, Symposium, Hipparchus, Lovers, Minos, Philebus, and Menexenus, among others, suffers from one or another of these problems.
Since the 1496 edition in which it appeared in this form, "the Phaedrus
commentary" has meant the documents printed here: a general title, an argument divided into three chapters from the 1484 edition, a postscript for these three chapters, eight new chapters, a postscript, a new title, and fifty-three summae of varying lengths.
The oldest, of course, is Greek--Socrates's contrast in the Phaedrus
between "living" speech and its written "image.
The references to these deities, along with the subsequent address to Phoebus Apollo ("o decus Phoebi," 13) in the fourth stanza, complete an enumeration of the four furors which, according to Plato in his Phaedrus
(244c-245c and 264b), enable the mythic charioteer to penetrate and transcribe divine vision.
Lehrich first closely examines the longest extant Hermetic text, the Ascelpius, and, comparing it with Plato's Phaedrus
, concludes that for the /Egyptian hierophant Thoth a certain plenitude, an unsundered connection between language and the divine, has given way to the reign of the written word with the subsequent loss of presence and certitude in the face of a history of inscription.
, translated by Robin Waterfield (Oxford Univ.
Socrates, in Plato's Phaedrus
, was perhaps among the first, certainly the most prestigious, to doubt the virtues of reading and writing.
and Cicero's advocating of the integrative ideal in rhetoric and the implication of this ideal regarding the status of passion should dissuade imposing on either of them a simplified preference for reason.
When Plato walks with Phaedrus
down the middle of the river toward the deep grass below the trees where they will talk, when Plato follows the beautiful young man who carries the scroll of Lysias' speech tucked within the sleeve of his robe, when Plato famed for his control, for his lack of passion, seems enflamed equally by the beauty of the boy and the intoxication of language, he asks an astounding question: "am I a monster more complicated and swollen than the serpent Typho, or a creature of a gentler and simpler sort, to whom Nature has given a diviner and lowlier destiny?