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Related to Phanariots: dragoman, Greek War of Independence


see under PhanarPhanar
or Fanar
, Greek quarter of Constantinople (now İstanbul). Under the Ottoman Empire, Phanar was the residence of the privileged Greek families, called Phanariots. They came into prominence in the late 17th cent.
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(literally, “inhabitant of the Phanar,” a quarter of Istanbul in which the Greek patriarch resided), members of the Greek clergy and mercantile aristocracy in the Ottoman Empire during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Among the Phanar-iots were the Mavrokordatos, Ypsilantis, Suzzo, and Karagias families. The Phanariots enjoyed considerable privileges, including the right to hold such high posts as dragoman and lord in the Turkish administration. They lost their power in Walachia and Moldova as a result of the Walachian Revolt of 1821 and in Greece during the Greek War of Independence of 1821–29.

References in periodicals archive ?
Despite its prosopographical aspects, the book is not a comprehensive social or political history of the Phanariots.
Philliou thus locates the Phanariots within the "vezir and pasha households" template Ottoman historians have recently employed to interrogate the time-honored "decline paradigm" with its focus on state power.
In the first decade of the nineteenth century, he used his connections to insinuate himself into Ottoman politics and established patronage and marriage connections, which facilitated his rise within the Phanariot system.
The Phanariots, A Greek Aristocracy under Turkish Rule, London, 1951.
231-239; Cyril Mango, "The Phanariots and the Byzantine Tradition", Richard Clogg (der.
Pallis, The Phanariots, A Greek Aristocracy under Turkish Rule, Londra, 1951.
16) Papachristou, The Th ree Faces of the Phanariots, s.
28) Damien Janos, "Panaiotis Nicousios and Alexander Mavrocordatos: The Rise of the Phanariots and the Offi ce of Grand Dragoman in the Ottoman Administration in the Second Half of the Seventeenth Century", Archivum Ottomanicum, Cilt 23, 2005, s.
Sometimes the harshness of church courts and the exactions of the phanariots made ordinary Greeks view the Turks as less onerous oppressors.