Pharyngeal Consonant

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Pharyngeal Consonant

 

a consonant formed by contracting the superior or inferior constrictor muscles at the back of the pharynx and drawing back the root of the tongue. Pharyngeal consonants may be stops or fricatives. They are characteristic of Arabic and some Dagestan languages; in addition, German has the voiceless pharyngeal fricative [ħ], and Ukrainian has the voiced pharyngeal fricative [ʕ].

References in periodicals archive ?
The presence of frication generated in the pharynx (such as the pharyngeal fricative CA) could justify the addition of acoustic energy to the speech signal which resonates throughout the vocal tract, and can be captured by the nasometer microphones.
This study aimed to replicate and expand Garcia's findings [10], particularly regarding nasalance scores obtained during use of pharyngeal fricative.
Realizing that previous studies [10,16] contradicted each other, in reference to the impact of the use of the atypical place of production used during pharyngeal fricative, and anticipating a possible use of nasalance values to distinguish between samples with and without this type of CA, the present study aimed to identify if the use of PF compensatory articulation would have an impact upon nasalance values, increasing these values.